Aboriginal people are the roots of Canadian culture and they help us to know about their history, culture, traditions, language, and heritage. Although indigenous people are the first people of Canada, they are not treated as first nation people. Indigenous people speak a different type of languages such as Naskapi, Netsilik dialect, Nicola, Nipissing Ojibwe dialect, Nisga’a language, and many more. Knowledge of these languages increases person’s communication’s skills because language also helps to grow up the intercultural communication between people, and communities. Every day, indigenous people face discrimination in the sectors of health, education, employment, traveling, and many more. The first article gives us information about aboriginal people, who are they, what type of challenges they face in their daily lives which also includes their health care? The five principles, to guide the Canadian health care system, are accessibility, comprehensiveness, portability, universality, and public administration (Tang et al., 2008, 110). Although Canadian people are responsible to pay money to health care system through taxes, there are some communities of first nation people which are treated differently in hospitals because of their caste, low socio-economic status than non-Aboriginal Canadians (Tang et al., 2008, 110). For example, life expectancy at birth for Indigenous people is 7.4 years less for men, and 5.2 years less for women compared to non-Aboriginal communities (Tang et al., 2008, 110). Moreover, in 2001, the unemployment rate for Aboriginal people was three times higher than non-Aboriginal Canadians (Tang et al., 2008, 110). For example, researchers found that First nation people face more HIV problems due to their race, caste, color, and ethnography (Tang et al., 2008). They do not get good health care services in hospitals, and the UN Human Development studies noticed that First nation people live in rural areas rank 68th position in health care and rank 36th for non-Aboriginal Canadians (Tang et al., 2008, 110). Aboriginal people face bad experience in health care institutions because of their race, poverty, social exclusion, and discrimination among other factors. It is assumed that Indigenous people belong to low socio-economic status, prone to alcoholism or substance use, illiterate, non-tax paying members of society, and are dependant on social or governmental services, and these things create a negative image of them within non-Aboriginal societies (Tang et al., 2008, 110). There are some examples of Aboriginal patients interviewed by Tang et al. and his coworkers related to some health care organizations. In the first example, the patient talked about security guard’s bad behaviour with him because of his traditional clothes and the patient visited the hospital many times because of infection in his stomach and one day he used hospital bathroom and the security told him he could not hang in the bathroom more than fifteen minutes, and when he told to the security guard he did not feel well the security guard shouted on him and threw him outside the hospital’s door with the help of another security guard, and the patient described everything to the nurses and doctors but they labeled him as a troublemaker (Tang et al., 2008, 120). Consequently, these type of previous experiences of discrimination make the bad image of health care systems among First nation people’s minds and they would be reluctant to visit the hospitals again even when they are in the critical situation.There is another example of 52 years old Aboriginal poor man, who was living in a rural area with the help of social assistance, and he had sustained a head injury because the car hit him when he was riding his bike and he came to an Emergency Department with his brother, and his brother talked about his and his brother’s negative experience in the ED because they waited to meet the doctor for few hours and after admitting his brother, doctors did not tell him anything about the patient’s situation, and when he asked to the nurse to know about his brother’s situation then a boy hit him on his nose and security guard threw him out from the hospital and the hospital staff treated him and his brother badly, it seems they were garbage not human beings like non-Aboriginal Canadians (Tang et al., 2008, 122). The third patient described that he went to the hospital because his hand was cut by machine and in the hospital he lied on the table for two hours then the doctor sew his hand, and he saw a guy in Armani suit came there just took medicine for headache and the hospital staff treated him very well, and he left the hospital within five minutes and the patient think that if he had an Armani suit then the hospital staff might have treated him in a good way, and these examples show the racism and ethnic discrimination between Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal people based on their low social status, dress code, colour (Tang et al., 2008, 121). The second article informs about the circumstances of indigenous children and people in the past as well as their mental and physical health. In the past, indigenous children were forcibly removed from their families and were put into residential schools by institutional and governmental authorities (Allan et al, 7). In the residential schools, teachers used to force them to accept the Canadian culture, language, traditions and leave their own native culture, language, and heritage. Moreover, in the residential schools, teachers used to abuse the children sexually, physically and mentally, emotionally, spiritually, and these experiences leave a negative impact on their mind, and they faced these type of discrimination again and again as a result of their previous experience, they felt reluctant and embarrassed to take the medical services . The Canadian government introduced Non-Insured Health Benefits program for First Nations and Inuit people to provide the best health and support services, but Metis and non-status First Nations are not allowed to take benefit from this program because of their low-socioeconomic status although they are facing the same health issues like classified First Nations and Inuit ( Allan et al., 09). In addition, in hospitals, aboriginal people do not receive good health services, respect, creditability from doctors because of their low status in Canadian Communities. For example, in 2008, a 45-year-old indigenous man named Brian Sinclair visited emergency department of the Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre referred to the ER by a community physician for a bladder infection, and when he waited, he vomited on himself several times, but no doctor or nurse attended him for almost 34-hours, and after a long wait in the waiting room, Mr. Sinclair died before receiving any treatment (Allan et al., 09). It is noticed that indigenous children and families have been experiencing racism and ethnic discrimination in every sector of life for hundreds of years (Allan et al., 09).The book “Stolen from our Embrace” written by Ernie Crey is a very good source for us to know about the First Nation people of Canada. In the book, the author gives us information about church-run schools, the child welfare system, survivors of sexual abuse, and Foetal Alcohol Syndrome counter-balanced against heroic stories of children who survived, fought back, and found their way home (81). From the book’s content, I learned a lot about Indigenous people’s way of living, culture, traditions, what type of challenges they faced in past, and what rules or regulations they made to save their culture, language, and own land. In a nutshell, I would like to describe some possible ways to help the Aboriginal people and children. For example, I visited Casino of the Rockies two months ago and I watched authentic Aboriginal goods there such as fishing, hunting and boating artifacts which they used in past to survive and collect food, so Canadian government should implement traditional ways of medical services with the modern ones. Moreover, health and education are two important components of people’s life so in the indigenous culture these factors are very essential, without the good health system they cannot live long and without the education, they cannot compete with the world, so for the overall development, the education is very important. (Ashworth, 2008, 208). As the indigenous people have their own traditional methods of health and education, that methods should also be applied because they have their own significant and cultural part. Aboriginal Family Support is a win-win situation for everyone because they are our ancestors and gave us information and knowledge about our culture, traditions, language, and land as a result if we help them, we would save our culture for next generations.Furthermore, there is a need to teach the medical authorities about indigenous people’s language, culture, traditional medical practices, then doctors can provide services to the First nations with both ways which are traditional and modern (Ashworth, 2018, 208). Also, the government should educate the Canadians about Aboriginal people’s importance for them and provide education and good employment opportunities to the First nation people, so that their socio-economic status can be improved within Canadian societies . Probing further, the government should organize social and cultural programs for Aboriginal and Canadian communities and give them a chance to understand each other’s cultural values, celebrate festivals together, share knowledge and feelings. As a result, their relationships can be maintained in a good way.
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