According to, tess pape, RN MSAN CNOR court decisions has identified the responsibility to make awareness and waning about possible outcomes to patients and making sure they have been advised about alternative solutions is key responsibility of nurse before he or she sign in the consent form…….legal and ethical consideration of informed consent june 1997, vol 65,no 6.According to… to form a informed consent the clients would have the full information on disclosure procedure and risks associated.According to, tess pape, RN MSAN CNOR…informed consent legal theory represents various aspects of tort law that protects individuals from harm to person, property and reputation.Additionally it allows compensations for injury, deters corrupt conduct and punishes those who are involved………… legal and ethical consideration of informed consent june 1997, vol 65,no 6.Before Rn Pam start to build raport with Taylah she is initiating the process with having a verval consent with her.As discussion start Pam trying to assure taylah about other legal and professional steps and she is understanding those.therefore, a form of consent arises between Pam and Taylah.having a proper informed consent is the most critical part of this case studies as counselling a minor (14 year old Tayllah) would require more attention to details from RN Pam.I believe Pam would explain further about the riskand benefits associated having the treatment .According to J.A Deverex A patient must have the ability to understand the information aboutthe treatment option, or must understand the information. Here from the discussion it may appear Taylah showing her maturity level and capacity to understand the systemeatic process as Pam explaining.i believe pam would be working with best interest on behalf of tayla even her age is most concerning.pam may refer to Gilllick competency or fraser guidelines test .where in Gillick Vs west Norfolk and wisbech health authority case the verdict says providing contraceptive to under 16 years old girl was valid as the practitioner was working on the best interest of patients.since then this competency has been accepted worl wide as gillick competency brings beneit to patients.Moreover, Pam would have talk about Disclosure policy in the event of any damage or reverse impact may take place during this process as mentioned, Define:Open disclosure is the open discussion of adverse events that result in harm to a patient while receiving health care with the patient, their family and carers. The elements of open disclosure are: page 13 https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Australian-Open-Disclosure-Framework-Feb-2014.pdf during disclosure discussion Pam may talk about whether taylah would be entitled to have financial benefit as she is willing to act as guardian.it is noticeable during their conversation Nurse Pam was questioning if Taylah would like to discuss this matter with her mother to avoid further complicacy down the track.by doing so Pam testified competencies on Taylah.Since as a patient taylah has the right to make own decision also she is showing reasonable maturity to act and absorb informations are given but Registered Nurse Pam would require further precautionary steps. For instance , Pam may advice her to take count of thirt parties help like VCAT(Victorian civil and administrative Tribunal) and POA (Office of Public Advocate) and explain their functions and how they may be helpful to her when she require.Failing to provide adequate informations and making proper understanding of those required by taylah would be breach of duty of care.Moreover, under Civil law registered Nurse Pam may be held liable for Battery and Assault & Negligence in duty for not providing enough information before signing consent form. Therefore, Ensuring all the elements of informed consents are met to obtain sign on consent form could result fewer malpractice in conselling and greater patients satisfactions and positive image on professionals.ConfidentialtyOne of the most critical moment for counsellor to keep information confidential for minors.eg not allowing parents even their kids are going through very complicated situation.Registered Nurse Pam must be aware of the obligations of confidentiality in this case as she would act in the best interest of Taylah.from interview it is visible and clear, taylah does not wants her family members to know about her healh condition and contrcept procedure.she also explaines she is stressed out about her diabetic health as her mother nagging too much and it may get worse if her family members are aware of her pregnancy. accordign to (Corey, Corey, & Callanan, 2002; Lawrence & Kurpius, 2000), most of the parents has legal rights to know what occurs during Theirs kids counselling.However, depending o the cases it may restrict parents to inform about kids therapy sessions with counsellor. (Roberts & Dyer, 2004) states, in some cases minors are legally able to access therapies related to stress and they can hold the power to authorise releasing informations to third parties and some cases parents are not allowed to know the outcome of counselling session if outcome ought to be harmful for minors or their physical or mental health status may get deteriorated. Also it is set out rule by ANMC Code of professional conduct for Nurses; ‘’Nurses must respect the confidentiality and privacy of people by seeking informed consent before disclosing information, including formally document,ing such consent when possible” therefore pam would keep all information confidential unless there is legal justifiable issues arises under public interest or emergency life threatening issues emerge. https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/codes-guidelines-statements/professional-standards.aspx. Therefore, Pam may disclose infromations to third party only when taylah agrees with it or if there is an emergency issue arises such as self harm or harming others.According to……Counsellors often must breach conﬁdentiality when mandated by law to act as an agent of social control. Conﬁdentiality must be broken when there are threats of harm to oneself, threats of harm to another, or when it is learned REF: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy 2015, 36, 450–464doi: 10.1002/anzf.1126.if Pam are not able to meet confidential obligations she would be in breach of confidentiality and breach in duty of care subsequently. And there would be legal enforcement take place.