Across the globe the number of health irregularities is endless therefore to

Across the globe the number of health irregularities is endless therefore, to prevent an epidemic of preventable diseases an emphasis on improving health promotion as well as illness prevention has been recognised. Obesity, reduced physical activity, smoking, poor diet and immoderate alcohol consumption have impacted greatly upon the world’s ability to prolong healthy lives, which has subsequently encouraged sources such as Public Health England and the National Institution of Clinical Excellence to release guidelines and policies to help this matter. In 2014, Public Health England (PHE, 2014) produced seven health priorities to combat and promote the importance of protecting the public’s health and wellbeing. The priorities aim to provide effective interventions and help the public regain control of their lives and general health (WHO, 1986). It is vital that nurses, amongst other healthcare professionals work towards targeting the misuse of alcohol and lower the number of hospital admissions not only to reduce health risks linked to alcohol (Babor and Higgins-Briddle, 2001) yet, reduce the considerable costs related to alcohol consumption. On average, there was an estimated 339,000 admissions to hospital related to alcohol consumption and general misuse (NHS Digital, 2017) which causes concern amongst numerous healthcare workers as this could apply to men, women and children in all age ranges. Admission rates were typically higher for men yet, women had increased numbers of hospitalisations as a result of ‘intentional self-poisoning’ from alcohol (Green et al, 2017). A nurse’s role in minimising the number of hospital admissions related to alcohol can therefore vary as there is not one specific category to target as all age ranges have been proven to be affected. In an attempt to reduce the number of alcohol related admissions and re-admissions to hospital, the biopsychosocial model of health has been recognised to have the most benefits with holistic advantages including the ability to approach mental health problems (Pilgrim, 2002). The model itself focuses on continuing to care for the patient medically along with including social and psychological information in their care plan to make the process of getting better more personal (Smith et al, 2012).

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