Annotated bibliography project 10

Table of Contents

Annotated bibliographyBullyingSystem041162/25/2019Academic journalsJournal 1. The effects of bullying- journal of pediatrics and child health:Douglas Vanderbilt and Marilyn augustyn is the author of “ journal pediatrics and child health”. He is the director of developmental behavioral pediatrics fellowship program in the division of general pediatrics at the hospital of children in Los Angleles. He is also an assistant professor of clinical pediatrics at the keck school of medicine at the university of southern California, united states of America. Marilyn Augustyn is an associate professor of pediatrics at school of medicine at boston university. He is also director in division of departmental and behavioral pediatrics at Boston medical center, united states of America. This journal explains that bullying is a big problem for children. There are identified risk factors for bullying that are social and individual. Beyond the instant trauma of suffering bullying, sufferers are at high risk of later emotional and physical disorders. Bullies are the initiator of this trauma but also suffer long- term effects as results of their involvement or participation. Viewers are also not exempted from bullying’s toxic effects not innocent from its disruption. Though most often occurring at schools, pediatric clinicians can recognize and support those children from trauma of bullying. They also have exclusive opportunities to involve the large societies and schools on an initiatives of anti-bullying. This journal will highlight the risk, symptoms and sign of bullying to help clinicians recognize and address children in need. The effects of bullying on children and large societies are negative physical, mental health issues and school. They experiences depression and anxiety which increase feeling of sadness and loneliness. complaints regarding health and reduced academic achievements such as GPA and standardized test scores and participation in school. The sign of bullying include: Children refuses to go to school They report quickly headaches, stomach pain or feeling uneasy but in actual there seems to be no medical issue. They faces insomnia and frequent nightmares. They come to home with injures They showed low self-esteem and lock themself in their room. They seems irritatedThey eat less sometimes skips dinner or breakfast or lunch. Their grades in result are declining and they seems not interested in school. Bullying have serious negative effect on witnesses as well as bystanders. They start learning to perceiving their school and environment of school as unsafe or unsecured. It may also generate depression and anxiety from witnessing those issues and they start avoiding schools. Kids who are facing the situation of being bullied are likely to increase the use of alchohal, drugs, tobacco or others. it may also increase mental health problems. Bullying is also linked with suicide as most of the youth who are bullied thought of doing suicide or engage in suicidal behaviors. Bullying can make worst the unsupportive situation. Sometimes the child might not show the symptoms or signs that they are being bullied. For reducing this situation, parents need to talk to their children on daily basis about what is going with them. Journal 2 understanding the long-term effects of bullying- journal of school nursing: Mark greener is the author of the “journal of school nursing” which contains article about understanding the long-term effects of bullying. Mark greener is an experienced and versatile self-employed medical writer. He is the winner of award for medical bioscience writer and journalist. He is clinical editor of “pharmacy magazine” and author of various health related books. He is from Cambridge University. He worked on a large range of therapeutic areas for pharmaceutical and clients of biotech. He have worked extensively on CPD channels aimed of professionals in healthcare. He adapted at converting the medical and biological material for non-specialist audiences. He committed to maintain the awareness about scientific and market trends. In this journal, it is explained that every school have a “zero tolerance” tactic to bullying which reflecting the growing recognition that victimizations by aristocrats can irreparably damage lives or even it leads to suicide. Nevertheless, the programmes of anti-bullying have limited impact. In addition to this, the problems caused by bullying can extend beyond the grounds of school and adulthood persistence. This journal summarizes recent research into psychological effects of long term bullying and highlights areas, which requires further research. There various forms of bullying are found in this journal such as physical violence, verbal and relational aggression and cyber bullying. For increasing awareness about the harms caused due to bullying in these forms, various schools with well intentions and policies of workplace and approach of “zero tolerance” remains prevalent. The consequences of bullying can last for the rest of the victims and bullies the lives. The childhood bullies are at increasing the risk of externalizing criminality and disorders such as use of illicit drug and violence. This journal focus on the bullied children who are under the high risk of generating internalizing disorders which includes depressions and anxieties. Bullying might be more damaging than other forms of mistreating or damaging. Bullying worst effect on performance of academics of children could contribute to the long-term problem that is experienced by sufferers or victims. Their results in school goes down due to bullying and they refuses to go to schools and start hating their surroundings in school. Their mind diverted because of adverse bullying. They face many problems in studies and their academics goes down to the worst level. it results in psychological problems in their future life. Nurses and teachers must remain alert for bullying in settings of non- educational that can enhance the probability of victimization at school. There are different programmes to control or mitigate the problem in childhood and adults have had limited impacts on the self-reported bullying. There are various programmes to press the need for further research and new initiatives to solve the problem or handle the problem of bullying. Such initiatives and research helps in translating the good intentions into improved life. It also helps to better the long-term prospects for children that endure the dangerous impacts of this serious victimization. Professional journalsJournal 3 can social support protect bullied adolescents from adverse outcome? A prospective study on the effects of bullying on the educational; achievements and mental health of adolescents at secondary schools in east London- journal of adolescence: The authors of this journal are Catherine Rothon, Jenny Head, Emily Klineberg and Stephen Stansfeld. Catherine Rothon is an MRC special training fellow at Barts and the London school of medicine and dentistry. Jenny Head is a professor of medical and social statistics, epidemiology and public health, and faculty of pop health sciences. Emily Klineberg is an undergraduate research assistant at rice university of Houston, Texas. In this journal, it is stated that social care can have a safeguarding effect in contradiction of the possibly adversative consequences of victimization on achievement of school and mental health. It uses the representative international sample of adolescents. The adolescents who are bullied were less likely to attain the suitable academic success benchmark for their age group. The boys who are bullied were more likely to exhibit depressive symptoms compared to those who are not bullied. High level of family social support was essential in promoting better mental health. It is proved that higher level of friends and moderate of family support was able to protect the adolescents who are bullied from academic success. The support from family and friends was not enough to protect the adolescents from the difficulties of mental health, which they may face because of being bullied. It is recommended the more active involvement from schools. Finding from the recent study suggests that adults support from school can help with the problems of student’s psychological. But it does not appear to prevent the psychological results of bullying. The involvement of adults is needed beyond the support. It helps to prevent the bullying and its psychological impacts. Adults who are bullied twice as likely to have serious psychological distress compared to those who are not suffering. The high-level social support from adults in schools was defensive against the serious psychological distress. Nevertheless, it did not safeguard the impact of victimization exposures. There are several numbers of mechanisms where higher level of social support may translate into more outcomes that are positive for students who are bullied. There are four kinds of social supports such as instrumental, appraisal, emotional, informational support. The achievements related to education were measured two years after the survey of baseline. For the young age group, the benchmark used for achievement in education at the age of 13 to 14 was the achievement of level five or above the level five in specified subjects. Though family and friends supports can defend adolescents against poor academic results, here the analysis demonstrated that friends and family support alone could not control against the high negative effect that bullying has on mental health among school pupil. It has been observed in other studies that being bullied cannot have the long period effect and contribute to trouble in their relationship with others, poor mental health and adulthood’s unemployment risk. Journal 4. Mediating effects of bullying involvement on the relationship of body mass index with social phobia depression, suicidality and self-esteem and sex differences in adolescents in Taiwan – journal of child abuse and neglect:ReferencesAlannah & madeline foundation, (2019). Bullying for schools. Retrieved from:, R. (2015). Long term effects of bullying. Archieves of disease in childhood, 100(9)Johnson, G. (2013). Forms of bullying, implications, demographics and a review of an anti-bullying prevention program. Retrieved from:, G. (2016). Understanding the long-term effects of bullying. School nursing, 11(1), 36-39Rothon, C., Head, J. & Klineberg, E. (2011). Can social support protect bullied adolescents from adverse outcomes? A prospective study on the effect of bullying on the educational achievement and mental health of adolescents at secondary schools in east London. Adolescence, 34(3), 579-588Swearer, S. (2019). Bully survey. Retrieved from: Vanderbilt, D. & Augustyn, M. (2010). The effects of bullying. Paediatrics & child health, 20(7), 315-320Victoria state government, (2019). Effects of bullying. Retrieved from:, D. (2015). Long term effects of bullying. Retrieved from: Yen, C. (2014). Mediating effects of bullying involvement on the relationship of body mass index with social phobia depression, suicidality and self-esteem and sex differences in adolescents in Taiwan . Child abuse and neglect, 38(3), 517-526