D2Mental Health Act 2007 The Mental Health Act 2007 introduced many changes to the mental health act that was passed in 1983. The Mental Health Alliance said, “what we wanted was a completely new Act built on the principle that people should only be detained and treated without their consent if their capacity to make decisions on their own behalf was impaired and they were at risk to themselves or to others.” The Mental Health Act 2007 was passed in the July. Lots of measures for this were supported but there were still many that were left unsupported. The Mental Health Alliance has monitored the place of the act. Mental Health Act 1983The Mental Health Act 1983 is legislation that tells people with mental health issues know what rights they have. A professional should have an individuals consent before providing them with treatment. This happens when certain sections of the act are delayed. This mental health act says that in some situations professionals are allowed to give medication without the consent of the individual. This act only authorises treatment for mental disorders. Some terms that may be familiar to others when an individual has to go to the hospital includes “compulsory admission to hospital”, “involuntary detention” and “voluntary detention”. Human Rights Act 1998The Human Rights Act 1998 gives legal protect of people’s rights. People who live in the UK are protected under this act. The rights of this act come from the European convention on human rights. This Human Rights Act is important because it sets out minimum standards on how the government should treat us when doing their job, this makes sure that they think about meeting our basic rights. Parliament should think about whether a new law is likely to follow the Human Rights Act before it is introduced. There are 16 rights that make up this act and each right is referred to all public authorities. If an individual’s human rights haven’t been respected then it should be attempted to be resolved informally first and then if necessary a formal complaints procedure should be used. “The government would then decide whether the law needs changing as a result.” (MIND 2010)Equality Act 2010 The Equality Act protects individuals from discrimination and lays down individuals having the right to challenge discrimination. Individuals are protected by the Equality Act if the have specific protected characteristics. The Equality Act protects individuals from discrimination when they apply for a job, are in a job and when they leave a job. In order for an individual to get protection under this act then they have to be able to prove that they have the condition they claim to have. Public authorities have a duty to remove discrimination and to promote equality for all people. Mental Capacity Act 2005The Mental Capacity Act says if people can’t make decisions for themselves and that they don’t have the mental capacity to do so. This act also tells people to plan ahead, find how they can ask someone to make decisions for them if they haven’t planned ahead. A deputy is a person who is appointed by the court to help an individual make financial or personal decisions. The Mental Capacity Act says if an individual has all the rights then it will be assumed to have capacity – unless there is an assessment stating that the individual doesn’t have the capacity. Decisions that are made on an individual’s behalf should be made in their best interest. An attorney is a person who an individual can appoint to make decisions for them when they have lost capacity to make decisions. B2What is the difference between these legislationsMind explains that the difference between these legislations are that they protect individual rights in different ways. The Human Rights Act 1998 and the Equality Act 2010 link well together because both of them are about giving people the right to the same choices and opportunities. However the Equality Act has specific characteristics that need to be considered, whereas the Human Rights Act is more general but they both support everyone to have the same right to choices as each other. The Mental Health Acts and The Mental Capacity Act 2005 link together because the Mental Capacity Act says that people who may not have the capacity to make their own decisions must have someone to help them to do so unless they have proof that they don’t need to whereas the Mental Health Acts says if people need medication to be provided then the consent from the person who needs it needs to be given (unless there is a reason where practitioners are unable to do that.) This could be if practitioners need to provide medication to someone who can’t speak and the individual can’t answer for themselves. National Strategies National strategies play an important role in explaining a country’s strategies for ensuring population of health. National health strategies development is a complex process.2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition governmentCARING ABOUT CARERS: A NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR CARERS (1999) The outcome of the national strategy for carers are supporting people with caring responsibility to identify themselves as carers at an early stage, making sure people with caring responsibilities are able to fulfil their educational and employable potential and personal support from fellow carers, family and friends. The key responses from this national strategy are carers needing improved access to important information, carers feeling excluded by other practitioners, carer feeling like they are being forced to give up work, carers not having the flexibility to access important assessments as well as not neglecting their own health. Local Strategies Early Help in Northamptonshire Strategy 2015 – 2020Early help means ‘providing support as soon as the problem emerges, at any point in the child’s life from the foundation years through to the teenage years.’ (WORKING TOGETHER 2015) The Early Help in Northamptonshire support is delivered through Early Help Partnership, this helps professionals and partnerships provide help early in lots of settings. Children and their families that need help need to be identified before the issues start to progress further. Early Help in Northamptonshire is available for children of all ages. This strategy is aimed at children before they are born up to 19 years old but can extend up to 25 years with children who have disabilities. The vision of this strategy is the same as the vision shared for children by all in Northamptonshire. All children are safe In 2013 and 2014 there were 162 referrals for child sexual exploitation concerns. In Northamptonshire approximately 14,000 children are affected by parental drug or alcohol.” (EARLY HELP NORTHAMPTONSHIRE STRATEGY 2015-2020 2016) Far too many children are referred more than once to a multi agency support hub and too many children are being looked after by Northampton county council. The average length of care time for children who are ten years old and over is normally over 3 years. Too many children are exposed to domestic, drug and alcohol abuse as well as there being a lot of children who have been sent to hospital due to injuries because of this exposure. The outcomes indicators of this are less children at a ‘child in need’ status, fewer referrals, less children being made to repeat a child protection plan and more adults who have drug and alcohol problems are required to complete a drug and alcohol test. All children achieve their best in education, are ready for work and have skills for life.“In 2013 and 2014 the percentage of Northamptonshire’s children achieving a good level of development within Early Years Foundation Stage Profile was 57.1%.” (EARLY HELP NORTHAMPTONSHIRE STRATEGY 2015-2020 2016) Many children are excluded from Northamptonshire schools. Lots of children are not achieving the progress that they are expected to. The outcome indicators of this are more children have free nursery education entitlement and more children are achieving better by the end of their reception year. All children grow up healthy and have improved life chances.“In 2013 and 2014, Northamptonshire hospital admissions rates as a result of self-harm were 510.9 per 100,000 population.” (EARLY HELP NORTHAMPTONSHIRE STRATEGY 2015-2020 2016) Too many children and young people are experiencing mental health problems, being exposed to drug and alcohol misuse and becoming first time offenders. Lots of children are experiencing mental health problems because of self – harm which means a high demand for hospital admissions. The outcome indicators of this are fewer children and young children are homeless or living in temporary accommodation, the rate of children being admitted to hospital because of alcohol and drug misuse has decreased in children self – harming. “Less young people are becoming parents in their teenage years. Less children and young people become first time offenders. Child poverty rates are maintained at better than national average levels.” (EARLY HELP NORTHAMPTONSHIRE STRATEGY 2015-2020 2016)All vulnerable children achieve the best possible. “Less children and young people report that caring responsibilities are negatively impacting on their lives.” (EARLY HELP NORTHAMPTONSHIRE STRATEGY 2015-2020, 2016) Too many children with special educational needs and disabilities experience social exclusion and also don’t receive the support they need, lots of children who leave care with no qualifications and many children who are in care a becoming part of the criminal justice system. The outcome indicators of this are more children that are in care are achieving 5 or more GCSEs and less children who are in care are less likely to commit offences.