Define the terms ‘globalisation’ and ‘global health’ in your own words. How might you explain these terms to your colleagues? Globalisation is the process of diversity where everyone spreads their ideas and goods all over the world. Global health are health problems, issues, concerns throughout the world. It’s where they do studies and research to improve the health for all people globally. TIME OUT 2Refer to the definitions of globalisation and global health that you developed in Time out 1. Revise or expand what you have written, considering your new understanding. How do you think these concepts might relate to nursing? Ask a colleague or friend about their understanding of these terms and compare them to your own. Globalisation allows the countries to manufacture their products, sell them to make a profit, and a way for the world to interact with each other. The products that we use every day like our clothes, cars are manufactured in differences places all of this is done because of globalisation. There has been a big improvement in technology and communication through computers, emails, the internet, mobile phones, transportation and business shipping products globally. Global health points to health issues in different states, and countries where they need to work together to address their issues and come up with a plan to keep people healthy. We need to increase the awareness for nurses by becoming more educated to infectious diseases. Nurses can become more active in their communities, professional organizations and where they work. In the case of the new coronavirus where it is spread the same way a cold may be through coughing, sneezing and touching someone who is already infected by the virus by their hands, face and touching things they have infected and then you touch these items. If we educate the people better through social media and let them know how serious these diseases are maybe we can keep the virus contained and not spreading it all over the world where there may be an epidemic. TIME OUT 3 Read about Ebola virus in Box 2. What aspects of globalisation may have contributed to the 2014 outbreak? List and explain at least three factors. Ebola is a deadly disease that mimics other communicable diseases. The virus causes you to have a fever, body aches, diarrhea but what makes it stand out from the others is that you may experience bleeding inside and outside of your body. The virus finds a host and spreads through contact of an infected person through your body fluids just like any other cold. One factor that spread the Ebola virus was that it started in Guinea where it was transmitted by air, it just took one traveler to transmit the virus and then it became an epidemic. Secondly, it was spread through dead bodies that were infected by animals, like fruit bats, chimpanzees, gorillas and porcupines. The third transmission was through human to human where is was spread by blood, secretions, and body fluids where it infected the people through their deceased loved one where direct contact with them and their belongings also contributed to this transmission of the Ebola virus. TIME OUT 4Read the following BBC World Service (n.d.) article on fast food, available at: www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/ specials/1616_fastfood/. What do you think has been the influence of McDonald’s on the lives of people who produce food and those who consume it? Globalisation is of great interest to stake holders in contemporary world affairs. They are producing the food and making it more appealing to give mom the night off as their slogan once said so mom didn’t have to cook or clean up after the meal. Now they have put more on the menu to make it appealing for the adults also, so they won’t feel as guilty. McDonald’s has restaurants in 120 countries and 30,000 restaurants that America has been pulled in by the commercials that they just can’t get the song out of their head, “Two all-beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions on a sesame seed bun” years after the ad went off the air. Children hear this and watch the commercial about the free toys and that’s where they want to go to eat and to play in the play area. Also, it’s easier for parents to grab fast food especially when it’s cheaper. It may not be healthy and bringing obesity to the world, but parents are so caught up with work and they think its easier just to grab fast food. Thanks to Michelle Obama she is trying to change what is given to our children in schools so at least it is starting somewhere for our children to become healthier. TIME OUT 5List the negative and positive effects that you think globalisation might have on health. What effects do you think globalisation may have on your practice, and how might you identify and respond to associated issues? Having the countries work together to help decrease mortality rates, lessen some of the diseases, and raising the life expectancy and quality of life would bring more opportunities for healthier living. Educating the people more about vaccines would help to bring down the deaths of so many people dying because parents are not vaccinating their children. Nursing has been challenged with responding to the changing health needs of the global population that have risen due to globalisation. Negative outcomes would be how people are coming from China and bringing the coronavirus here to America. The transporting of the disease from one place to another. There should be a way to keep them in their country until the disease is eradicated. Some of the most infectious diseases that have been spread through globalisation are tuberculosis, HIV, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). TIME OUT 6Access the United Nations (2015b) Sustainable Development Goals, available at: www.un.org/ sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals. Select one of the 17 goals and access further information about it and read the targets for that specific goal. How are the targets to be achieved? Are there any barriers to their being achieved? The Sustainable Development Goals are goals that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to make their own needs. Looking at the world in a different way to achieve a goal to bring everyone together. It’s not only making improvements with the people but also the planet. In selecting one of the 17 goals from the Sustainable Development Goals, I chose Goal #3 which is about ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages. By educating people to have safe sex and immunize their children is the beginning to promote better health. If someone comes into the hospital with a sexually transmitted disease, I can provide them with education and pamphlets so they can become more aware of what is out there and what to do about it if they come encounter it. Nurses should focus on providing efficient funding of health systems, improve sanitation and hygiene and more education on ways to reduce pollution. Vaccinations resulted in an 80% measles drop between 2000 and 2017 because more people were educated and immunized their children. The main goal is to promote healthy lives and ensure their well being for all ages. The has been an increase barrier to those who are coming over from China and spreading the coronavirus. We need to better educate these people and keep them contained so the virus is not spreading all over to become and epidemic. TIME OUT 7 Consider the role of nurses in promoting health and preventing non-communicable diseases, and: » Name a non-communicable disease. » List the lifestyle factors that might have influenced the development of the disease. » Discuss how globalisation has contributed to the development of the disease. » Describe how globalisation might contribute to treatment of the disease. How might these issues affect your practice? A non-communicable disease is a disease that is not transmitted from one person to the other. Stroke is a non-communicable disease. Cardiovascular diseases are taking the lives of about 17.9 million people a year and is the number one cause of death globally. These deaths are from heart attacks and strokes which one third occur in people who are under 70 years of age. People are at risk if they have an elevated blood pressure, blood sugar, and lipid levels which can be monitored by getting blood work at their primary care physicians office and watching their weight. The use of tobacco, alcohol and elicit drug use can increase the risk of these non-communicable diseases. Globalization is about the improvement in quality of life for many people by advancing their social and economic changes in their life style.