Family Assessment Part II

Table of Contents

Family Assessment Part II NameInstitutionInstructorCourseDate Family Assessment Part IISocial Determinates Of HealthSocial determinants of health involve social and economic aspects, which impact the health of individuals. Some of the social determinants may include influence from schools, surrounding communities, and work places (Jacob & Tennenbaum, 2013). This may be seen in the analysis of health status of different American groups where some of the minority groups may have poor health status compared to other groups. Social determinants should be addressed to prevent any negative effects, which may be attributed to these aspects (Jacob & Tennenbaum, 2013). This can be achieved by creating a supportive environment to promote health among diverse groups. Healthcare practitioners should identify the social determinants of health contributing to a family’s health status during a health assessment. This will enable health practitioners in implementing effective interventions to improve the health status of the family (Jacob & Tennenbaum, 2013). Describe the SDOH That Affect The Family Health Status. What Is The Impact Of These SDOH On The Family? Discuss Why These Factors Are Prevalent For This FamilyThe social determinants of health that affect the family health status include having only one main provider in the family. The father is the only employed person in the family, which affects the health status of other family members in different aspects (Wright & Leahey, 2013). Having limited financial resources may limit the family members in accessing quality healthcare services due to inadequate access to health insurance services, which are important in enabling individuals to access quality healthcare services (Wright & Leahey, 2013). Having only one family member with a stable job may also impact the family in having the right and quality food products which contribute to the health status of the family. This issue is prevalent since other family members still in school waiting to finish their studies in order for them to get jobs and help in the provision of important resources for the family members (Wright & Leahey, 2013). The family has also poor nutrition practices, which include eating unhealthy meals, which has resulted in the family having obesity issues. This issue is prevalent in the family due to their perception that eating well is associated with a contented life, which has negatively affected the family members (Wright & Leahey, 2013). Based On the Information Gathered Through the Family Health Assessment, Recommend Age-Appropriate Screenings for Each Family MemberThere are different health screening for different individuals based on their age and gender (Mansfield, Keitner, & Dealy, 2015). Stephen’s family has five members who are two parents and their three children. These children are still in school with the first born who is 23 years old being in the University. The second born is 16 years old in her last year in high school and the last born is 12 years preparing to join high school. Some of the health assessment for both parents includes blood pressure, BMI index, and cholesterol check, which can be done annually due to the risk factor of obesity affecting the parents (Mansfield, Keitner, & Dealy, 2015). The parents can also undergo cancer screening due to the increased risk of developing cancer for older generations. Other assessments include eye and hearing check-ups. The first born who is 23 years old can also have a cholesterol check since he has also been indicated to be obese, blood pressure level, and body mass index (Mansfield, Keitner, & Dealy, 2015). The 12-year-old child will also undergo a health assessment, which will include blood pressure level, vision and hearing assessments, and a cholesterol test due to the parent’s report of high cholesterol (Mansfield, Keitner, & Dealy, 2015). This will help the health practitioner in implementing preventive interventions to prevent the children from developing some of the health issues, which could have been prevented (Mansfield, Keitner, & Dealy, 2015). The 16-year-old daughter needs to have her blood pressure checked due to her obese status, her BMI should also be calculated as well as assessing her vision and hearing status. This is beneficial to the healthcare practitioner in identifying any health issues in order to implement preventive interventions since the child is still at a young age where some of the health issues may be prevented in advance (Mansfield, Keitner, & Dealy, 2015). Choose A Health Model To Assist In Creating A Plan Of Action. Describe The Model Selected. Discuss The Reasons Why This Health Model Is The Best Choice For This Family. Provide Rationale For Your Reasoning.Health models are used in helping a healthcare practitioner in creating an effective plan of action to enable a client in improving his/her health status. This is also used in health promotion and in preventing some of the health, issues which may negatively affect the clients (Jacob & Tennenbaum, 2013). One of the health models to assist a healthcare practitioner in creating a plan of action is the Transtheoretical Model, which focuses on an individual’s preparedness to change any negative behavior (Jacob & Tennenbaum, 2013). This behavior may be attributed to some of the health issues present in the individual as well as increasing the risk of the individuals in developing specific health issues. This model is the most effective since it uses different stages in behavior change, which guides the healthcare practitioner as well as the individual in implementing effective interventions (Jacob & Tennenbaum, 2013). This model also guides the healthcare practitioner in how to integrate new desirable behaviors at different stages. Using the Model, Outline the Steps for a Family-Centered Health Promotion. Include Strategies for CommunicationThe first step is the pre-contemplation stage where the family members do not intend to integrate any changes in their lives. This may be attributed to the fact that the family members may not be aware of any reason for implementing the changes (Han, Pettee, & IIIKohl, 2017). The second stage will involve contemplation stage where the family is ready and willing to integrate the changes. This may be due to the risk factors in developing certain health issues, which may be attributed to the current lifestyles (Han, Pettee, & IIIKohl, 2017). The third stage is preparation, which involves taking specific action, which is meant to address some of the current health issues as well as implementing specific interventions to help the family in improving their health status in the future (Han, Pettee, & IIIKohl, 2017). The fourth stage is the action stage, which involves the family changing their risky behaviors to the desired behaviors, which is part of the health promotion strategies. The fifth stage is the maintenance stage, which involves helping the family in maintaining the desired behaviors in the long-term (Han, Pettee, & IIIKohl, 2017). The last stage is the termination stage where the family members have no desire in relapsing to their previous risky behaviors. Strategies for communication can include focusing on the main issues, which would help the family to identify the negative effects of the undesired behavior (Han, Pettee, & IIIKohl, 2017). The healthcare practitioner may also emphasize with the family, which will help him/her to understand what the family may be going through. This will help the healthcare practitioner in using effective responses, which will be beneficial to the family members (Han, Pettee, & IIIKohl, 2017). ReferencesHan, H., Pettee G., K., & IIIKohl, H. W. (2017). Application of the transtheoretical model to sedentary behaviors and its association with physical activity status. PLoS ONE, 12(4), 1–13.Jacob, T., & Tennenbaum, D. L. (2013). Family Assessment. New York, NY: Springer.Mansfield, A. K., Keitner, G. I., & Dealy, J. (2015). The Family Assessment Device: An Update. Family Process, 54(1), 82–93.Wright, L. M., & Leahey, M. (2013). Nurses and families: A guide to family assessment and intervention. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.