First and foremost, I want to differentiate the bacteriostatic to bactericidal medication. Bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit the growth of susceptible bacteria by preventing bacterial synthesis of folic acid, a B-complex vitamin that is required for the proper synthesis of purines, one of the chemical components of nucleic acids the DNA and RNA (Lilley, Harrington, & Snyder, 2011, p 712-713). From the word ‘static’ which means that it is stable or steady. While on the other hand, bactericidal are antibiotics that kill a wide variety of gram-positive and some gram-negative bacteria (Lilley et al., 2011, p. 715). Just remember ‘cidal’ are killers. In the given situation, Jaheira will be taking sulfonamide drug for her wound. There are various effects that the nurse and Jaheira must watch out while taking the medication such as agranulocytosis, aplastic/ hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pancreatitis, epidermal necrolysis, exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens-Johnson syndromes, photosensitivity, convulsions, crystalluria, toxic nephrosis, headache, peripheral neuritis and/or urticaria (Lilley et al., 2011, p. 714).The nurse must educate Jaheira also of different precautions she should be aware of. She should go for her follow up appointment especially that this medication may cause blood problem therefore she should be careful also of her oral hygiene such as using toothbrush, dental floss/ toothpicks. She should avoid bleeding until normal blood counts return. Another precaution she must lessen her sun exposure once she started taking the medication. She should prevent to stay long out of direct sunlight if possible, she must keep wearing protective clothing such hat and sunglasses, applying sun blocks 15 minutes before exposure to the sun lights may also help. Do not use sunlamp, tanning bed or booth. She should check first if she feels dizzy after taking the drugs before driving, using the machines or do anything that could be dangerous. Any adverse effects she might encounter/experience while taking the medication she must check with her doctor (Mayo Clinic, 2019).
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