How the Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka portrays alienation

Marissa ColemanProfessor’s NameENG 357.December 4, 2019How the Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka portrays alienationFeelings of alienation and rejections have universal implications. Nearly everyone experiences some form of denial in unique ways in their lifetime, and in most cases, families contribute to such feelings either knowingly or unknowingly. In Metamorphosis, Kafka uses manipulation and distortion of his primary character Gregor Samsa in the story to bring out the theme of rejection and alienation. In this paper, I have the opinion that Kafka frequently uses alienation in his book to sympathize with the fact that Samsa has turned into a hideous creature, symbolizing change and how the character has to do things differently with his new body. I also argue that Gregor, in some form, would have survived after his first change if he had had the love and support of his family. Gregor’s transformation into a dung beetle assumes the metaphoric aspect of his human life. Samsa’s family gives him harsh treatments compared to a worthless insect by making him complement family demands through trying duties as a commercial traveler. Since Samsa takes family responsibilities, his family recognizes him as long as he can do it. Kafka mentions that the family had gotten used to reaping from his sweat that the money as gratefully received and gladly remitted, but there was no uprush of warm feeling involved (Kafka 16). Samsa’s family is only grateful for his support but do not genuinely appreciate his efforts and only tolerate him as long as he can meet their demands. The moment Gregor turns into a dung beetle, the reality dawns the family that they have lost their provider, and henceforth, Gregor becomes a repulsive eye to them, which alienates him further from the family. At the same time, such feelings of alienation are what Gregor communicates when he transforms the primary character into a worthless insect to show how Samsa’s family and the world view his human existence (Arnab 39). Gregor applauds the first arrangement and cannot differentiate between the doctor and the locksmith. However, as he coughs, it turns to be a different thing as even his voice had dramatically changed. Right on the floor as he tries to open the door, Kafka notes that his parents and the manager noticed his efforts as he used his tiny limbs that had sticky stuff and then turned the key on the lock with his mouth without real teeth. Surprisingly, the reactions from his father and the manager express even further the theme of isolation and abandonment. That kind of inhumanity does not only surprise an ordinary reader but also the author who laments that “but they all should’ve called out to him

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