Introduction:As a future nurse, it is imperative to ensure knowledge is continuously updated through current research in order to provide the best care possible to health consumers. Using the research article, ’Nurses’ perceptions of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle: a qualitative descriptive study’, (Robert, McInnes, Wallis, Bucknall, Banks and Chaboyer, 2016), the following essay will help me to develop an understanding of the phases of the research process and how research informs current nursing practice. Nurses have a primary role in pressure ulcer prevention (PUP) therefore the research article assessed the perceptions nurses had on the usefulness and impact of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle (PUPCB) in an inpatient setting. Pressure ulcers continue to be an extensive issue within the health care system, causing excessive pain, slow recovery and possible infection. According to Crisp, Taylor, Douglas and Rebeiro (2013, pg. 793) a pressure injury is an injury to the skin and/or underlying tissue, usually over a bony prominence, occurring due to pressure alone or in combination with shear or friction. A pressure ulcer occurs when prolonged pressure is imposed on a specific area of tissue leading to the obstruction of blood flow to the vascular and lymph vessels, preventing the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the surrounding tissues (Crisp, Taylor, Douglas and Rebeiro, 2013, pg. 793). Critically ill or bed bound patients are at high risk of developing pressure ulcers. Research Process: The research process is a guideline of five phases used to help direct the researcher from asking a question to finding an answer and in turn developing new questions for future research (Borbasi, S and Jackson, D., 2016, pg. 117). Phase One: Phase one contributes to the decision of what to study, reading previous research and theorising about the topic of interest. The steps in phase one are to identify the problem, review of previous literature and the formulation of variables. In relation to phase one, the purpose of the research study includes the active participation of nurses and patients partnering together for pressure ulcer prevention among medical, surgical and rehabilitation wards through the use of a developed pressure ulcer prevention care bundle (PUPCB) applying three evidence-based messages: 1) keep moving; 2) Look after your skin; and 3) eat a healthy diet.Research conducted towards pressure ulcer prevention (PUP) was identified due to the high incidence of pressure ulcers (PU) in hospitals among an individual patient level. A previous research trial, INTACT (INTroducing a care bundle to prevent ulcers) gave insight into the development of PUPCB and the purpose of the investigation into nurse’s perceptions of PUPCB and the implementation and translation into routine practice. ANSWER QUESTION 2Phase Two: In Phase two, the researcher makes a decision on how the study will be conducted, determined by the research question itself. During this process, the researcher will determine the research design, identify the setting, a physical location, for the study to be conducted followed by a sample, a group selected from a wider population.
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