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HOW DOES SOCIAL MEDIA CREATE A DISCONNECT BETWEEN PEOPLE AND THEIR ROUTINE OR NORMAL DAILY LIVES?Done By: FC1400594 Hanan AlmehairiA00029950 Noora Khalfan A00033184 Amna Salem FC1400036 Jawaher Abdullah Course Code and Name: NRS3106 Mental Health Nursing Semester and Year: semester 1, 2019/2020 Word Count: 1549Introduction The advancement of smart device technology in a short timeframe has offered numerous advantages and enabled people to connect with others across the globe. However, the negative impacts of social media entwined with the smart phones have made an even greater impression, which has affected a large number of daily lives. The purpose of the study is to shed light on the negative effects caused by social media. It represents the diverse mental distresses and its effects among young individuals, which disconnects them from their regular routine. The study offers a great scope to view the different procedures and remedial measures required to combat the mental illnesses. Problem Statement According to Anderson & Jiang (2018), social media influence refers to the marketplace term, which illustrates an individual’s ability to manipulate and affect the perception of other people’s thinking in social media. It has disconnected the normal people from their daily activities, which reflect in their personal lives. Literature review As opined by Dunlop, Freeman & Jones (2016), social media is characterized as a convergence culture, which comprised of participatory culture, media convergence and combined intelligence. Social media convergence transformed the relationship between industries, existing technologies and audiences. Social media refers to the age of instantaneous communication and transparency exhibiting the similar glasshouse effect (Balani & De Choudhury, 2015). As suggested by Guntuku et al. (2017), the publicity of social media enabled the organizations to promote their products that reached out to the higher proportion of mass. Companies have skilfully altered the minds of the people and recognised social media as an easy and effective way to succeed in online business. Social media has contributed a huge impact on the daily lives of individuals by raising the stress level and psychological issues. Addiction to social media has resulted into deprivation of sleep and separation of individuals from their family. According to Anderson & Jiang (2018), multiple studies have demonstrated that limitless utilization of social media has been the primary cause for mood swing, stress and retardation of mental health. Constant use of mobile technology leads to different kinds of sleep problems, which hampers the synchronization of normal functioning. Demonstration of the problem on daily lives Reliability on social media can produce detrimental consequences on both physical and mental health. Frequent utilization of social media can make an individual feel dejected and isolated in the long run (Abbasi & Dibble, 2019). The major problems associated with social media are discussed below. Mental health: Over utilization of social media has also shown the development of mental retardation and psychological issues such as depression, anxiety and obsession. It affects the feeling of an individual transforming them into a completely different human being. Poor attention span: As suggested by Guntuku et al. (2017), social media provided a way of continually offering into temptation of instant and easy access to entertainment. Thus, it distracts people easily and could not enable them to concentrate on important things. Social media influences both conscious as well as sub-conscious mind.Deprivation of sleep: Constantly engaged in mobile devices suppresses the release of melatonin, a hormone responsible for sleep and tiredness. Craze of social media increases the anxiety, which prevent an individual from falling asleep.Reduced connection: A greater proportion of individuals engaged in social media enable them to communicate with many people at the same time in a convenient manner. However, it reduces the personal connection, affects the relationship with closed ones and encourages individual to rely on artificial bonds. Self-esteem: As opined by Dixon, Holoshitz, & Nossel (2016), comparing one with others on social platforms and stalking their aesthetically perfect profile and status creates a sense of insecurity. It generates a feeling of self-doubt, which brings down the self-esteem.Identification of the affected group and relevant statistics to the problem According to Dunlop, Freeman & Jones (2016), the popular social platform comprised of Instagram, Snapchat, Facebook, Twitter and Youtube. Social media become immensely popular in recent times, and are the prime reason for increasing number of mental disorders among young individuals. According to Townsend & Morgan (2017), an estimated of 45 million individuals aged 18 and above had suffered mental illness. Young individuals aged from 16 to 24 years had shown the highest prevalence of mental issues with 23 percent, in contrast to adults aged from 26- 49 years with 21 percent. Individuals aged 50 and above constitute 14 percent of affected entities (Abbasi & Dibble, 2019). Among the affected individuals, the teenager’s ranges from 18-24 years old represent the highest base. About 78 percent of youth use Snapchat, 71 percent preferred Instagram and 68 percent utilized Facebook to share their thoughts and pictures. In addition, the highest percent (94 percent) of teenagers use Youtube and lowest percent of them preferred Twitter (Anderson & Jiang, 2018). Figure: Statistics of mixed feelings about social media(Source: Anderson & Jiang, 2018)Medical treatmentMedical treatments utilized to treat depressed and mentally ill individuals can be categorized into two parts – treatment using medicines and non-drug treatment (not using medicine). Anxiety, panic and stress can be debilitating as they drain the stored energy and makes it difficult to carry out your regular activities. Medicine treatment includes antidepressants drug used for treating depression and anxiety such as Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft and Celexa. As opined by Prochaska & Norcross (2018).Psychotherapy Psychotherapy or talk therapy (counselling), is a process that help people with a broad variety emotional difficulties and mental illness. It involves talking to trained therapist, either one-to –one, in a group or with your closed one. Diverse kinds of psychotherapy utilized to treat the mental illness are given below. Psychodynamic: It encourages the patients to discuss whatever going through their mind (Fox, 2017).Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): A form of psychotherapy, which examines how the beliefs and thoughts are connected to feelings and behaviour (Polivy, 2018). Cognitive Analytical Therapy (CAT): It is the method that utilizes the application of both psychodynamic and CBT. Interpersonal Therapy: It determines the way an illness can be triggered by series of events involving relationships and others such as bereavements (Fox, 2017). Humanistic Therapy: It encourages the patients to think positively and aims to improve self-awareness. Nursing intervention Nursing intervention in psychotherapy refers to the appointment of nurse who is specialised in mental health, cares for sufferers of all age’s experienced mental distress and depression (Townsend & Morgan, 2017). Some of nursing interventions are: Accept the patient and spend time with him, even though pessimism and negativism may seem objectionable. Focus on strengths and accomplishments and minimize failures. Encourage the patient to perform his activities without assistance. Encourage patient to recognize areas of change and provide assistance toward this effort. Observe for non-verbal communication the patient may say that he is happy but looks sad. Point out this discrepancy in what he is saying and actually feeling. Use short sentences ask questions in such a way that the patient will have to answer in more than one word. Use silence appropriately without communicating anxiety or discomfort in doing so. Introduce the patient to another patient who is quiet and possibly convalescing from depression. As he improves, take him to other patients and see that he is actually included as part of the group. Conclusion The discussion emphasizes on the impacts of social media, which detach people from their routine and creates a sense of isolation. The youth generations are mostly affected by the harmful influences of social media. Over exploitation of social platforms resulted into a number of mental distresses, which affects the conscious and subconscious mind of the young individuals. However, these mental problems such as depression and anxiety can be resolved by implying the methods of medical treatment and psychotherapy such as psychodynamic, CBT and CAT. Nursing intervention contribute in the psychotherapy process through specialized care, which restore back the affected individuals into their normal life.Reference listAbbasi, I. S., & Dibble, J. L. (2019). The Role of Online Infidelity Behaviors in the Link between Mental Illness and Social Media Intrusion. Social Science Computer Review, 0894439319857079. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0894439319857079Anderson, M., & Jiang, J. (2018). Teens, social media & technology 2018. Pew Research Center, 31, 2018. Retrieved from http://publicservicesalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Teens-Social-Media-Technology-2018-PEW.pdfBalani, S., & De Choudhury, M. (2015, April). Detecting and characterizing mental health related self-disclosure in social media. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1373-1378). ACM. Retrieved from https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2732733Dixon, L. B., Holoshitz, Y., & Nossel, I. (2016). Treatment engagement of individuals experiencing mental illness: review and update. World Psychiatry, 15(1), 13-20. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/wps.20306Dunlop, S., Freeman, B., & Jones, S. C. (2016). Marketing to youth in the digital age: The promotion of unhealthy products and health promoting behaviours on social media. Media and Communication, 4(3), 35-49. Retrieved from https://www.cogitatiopress.com/mediaandcommunication/article/view/522Fox, R. (2017). Research in psychotherapy. Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9781315128504Guntuku, S. C., Yaden, D. B., Kern, M. L., Ungar, L. H., & Eichstaedt, J. C. (2017). Detecting depression and mental illness on social media: an integrative review. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 18, 43-49. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352154617300384Polivy, J. (2018). The Role of Cognitive Commitment Factors in Dieting and Psychotherapy. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED154296Prochaska, J. O., & Norcross, J. C. (2018). Systems of psychotherapy: A transtheoretical analysis. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=hu9IDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=psychotherapy&ots=7KqWqBXSYn&sig=lxFtVqRN2QchEb1iYzICfjEXLNITownsend, M. C., & Morgan, K. I. (2017). Psychiatric mental health nursing: Concepts of care in evidence-based practice. FA Davis. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=3a0-DwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=nursing+intervention+to+tackle+mentall+illness&ots=mSYlHvSLAy&sig=LoZvLsA9WYIbTyYw-Z-MSdVgvB4

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