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QUESTION 3There are 3 distinct and separate classes of specialized citizens, all working for the good of the city. Guardians:(413d) “watch straight from childhood by setting them at tasks in which a man would most likely forget….” What the guardians learn in school is a set curriculum, yet it is also a test. If they fail, well then, they weren’t meant to be a guardian after all. They also give up the right to own private property and live in barracks because It is intended to benefit all inhabitants, not to make the Guardians happy. If the Guardians must sacrifice ownership of property to benefit all inhabitants, then it is a small price to pay. Production is in private hands yet the city’s economy is not based on private ownership. Doctors are only trained to treat the healthy, who only suffer from a single, curable ailment. Doctors should not be trained to deal with the chronically ill. Those suffering from an incurable physical disease should be left to die naturally. Those suffering from an incurable mental disease should be put to death.To make sure the correct selection of rulers, all the young guardians in training are closely observed. They go through various tests, intended to determine which of them remain steadfast in their loyalty to the city. They’re exposed to various fears and pleasures meant to tempt or frighten, those who do best in these tests will proceed on to education that will prepare them to rule. The rest, destined to be warriors, will end their education. Too much physical training will make the guardians savage, while too much music and poetry will make them soft.There are many occasions when Socrates discusses women and the roles they hold. He does say, “the women guardians must strip, since they should be clothed in virtue, not robes, they must take common part in war and the rest of the city’s guarding, and must not do other things.”(457a) Here Socrates is stating that they do have an equal part, just like men. Socrates declares that females will be trained alongside males, and will also receive the same education, and are able to take on the same political roles.Yet Socrates also says, (451e) “except that we use the females as weaker and the males as stronger.”(457a) “but lighter parts of these tasks must be given to the women than the men because of the weakness of the class.”-(424a) Socrates states that the women and children will be held in common, “that the possession of women

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