primary health care setting

HLTENN015Apply nursing practice in the primary health care settingTutor: Sharon FitzmauriceJasmi Gurung01007PAWord limit:1492Knowledge questionsBriefly describe the philosophical tenet underpinning primary health care (in 80-110 words).The philosophical tenet underpinning primary health care are described below:There must be equity in health care sector. All gender, races, religion, caste, etc. must get equal health care without any discrimination. All people should have equal access to the health care and it should be affordable by everyone.Research base care (evidence base practice) should be provided.Accessible technology should be provided for care.They should focus on health promotion and prevention of disease.Complete the following table briefly outlining the health challenges and issues facing Australian communities.Requirements ResponsesNine (9) diseases and conditions that contribute significantly to the burden of illness and injury in the Australian community with reference to the National Health Priority Areas. ObesityDiabetesCardio Vascular DiseaseArthritisDementiaInjuriesMental HealthDementiaAsthmaFour (4) other health challenges facing Australian communities (Hint: Health challenges in relation to the resource allocation, funding and delivery of health care. Toxic environmentAgeing populationInfectious diseaseOver weightAny three (3) environmental health issues facing Australian communities. Dangerous water wavesSnakes/ spidersMotor vehicles Four (4) common health issues for infants. Whooping coughHeat Stroke/coldHeat rashesFour (4) common health issues for children. Injuries Flu / coldHead liceFour (4) common health issues for adolescents. ObesityInjuriesMental healthAnemiaFour (4) common health issues for adults. HypertensionType II diabetesArthritisMental HealthFour (4) common health issues for older people. Dementia Lungs cancerStrokeFallThree (3) examples of health challenges (diseases and other issues relating to health) faced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia Kidney DiseaseCardio vascular diseaseSexually Transmitted DiseasesBriefly describe various community and in-hospital resources and services available for people with Diabetes Mellitus to receive appropriate care.Community resources and services available for the management of Diabetes Mellitus:Community resources and services available for the management of Diabetes mellitus are:General Practitioner (who is important community doctor)Podiatry Diabetes Educator for the diabetic people in the community to provide knowledge about diabetes.DieticianPhysio-therapistSocial workerCounsellorEndocrinologistIn-hospital resources and services available for the management of Diabetes Mellitus:In-hospital resources and services available for the management of Diabetes mellitus are:DieticianDiabetes educatorDiabetic care planEndocrinologistWound nurse/careOut-patient department for diabetic peopleBriefly describe various community and in-hospital resources and services available for people with dementia to receive appropriate care.•Community resources and services available for the management of dementia:For the management of dementia community resources and services available are as follows:General Practitioner Management planCounsellorSocial WorkerPhysio-therapistEducation programmerDistrict NursingAlzheimer’s AustraliaRespite•In-hospital resources and services available for the management of dementia:Resources and services available for the management of dementia in-hospital are:DieticianOccupational therapistSpeech therapistDementia care planGeriatrician Physio-therapistBriefly describe the health-illness continuum (illness-wellness continuum) (in 70-100 words).The health-illness continuum is the graphic explanation of wellbeing which was explained by John.W.Travis in1972. It describes that wellbeing is not simply the absence of illness but it also involves the individuals mental and emotional health. Health-illness continuum is made of two arrow facing towards opposite direction and they both are attached at the fixed neutral point. Arrow moving toward right side contain high level of health and wellness which is gained through growth, education and awareness. Whereas, arrow facing towards the left contain decaling level of health which is gained through sign, symptoms and disability.Briefly describe the roles of the following two (2) primary health care organisations.Australian Primary Health Care Nurses Association (in 40-70 words):Australian Primary Health Care Nurses Association is the group of primary nurses to look after each other. The roles of this association are:Recognition of jobsProfessionalsLook after jobProvide educationProvide platform for all the nursesResearch which is based on evidence based practise. National Primary Health Care Partnership (NPHCP) (in 50-80 words):The main role of National Primary Health Care Partnership (NPHCP) is to enhance the health and wellbeing of individual population through planning, coordinating, funding, developing and providing comprehensive health care services to the people. They should ensure the population health and health service planning. To find out health inequalities in consultation with community and other member.Refer to the Patient Safety in Primary Health Care – a review of the literature 2015 published by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC) and identify the purpose of this document (in 20-40 words).The purpose of this document are:To ensure patient safety in health care.To ensure primary health care.To use peer reviewed articles.To apply evidence based practice.Briefly describe how the Australian Journal of Primary Health contributes to the information relevant to primary health care (in 70-100 words).The Australian journal of Primary Health contributes to the information relevant to primary health care throughreports from international sourcesprimary health care issuescomprehensive primary health care issues researchedcommunity health issuespeer reviewed articlesevidence based practiceOutline three (3) strategies you could implement when caring for a confused person in relation to primary health care provision.Any three strategies I could implement when caring for a confused person in relation to primary health care provision are:I would label everything clearly so that they can see and understand properly and won’t get confused.I would try to create friendly environment.I would try to maintain same setting for all the time. So that they can’t be confused every time the come.Outline three (3) strategies you could implement when caring for a confused person in relation to primary health care provision.Restoration dignity, restoration of abilities and make them feel safe are some of the method I can implement when caring for a confused person in relation to primary health care provision.Briefly describe the difference between preventive, curative and rehabilitative service delivery models in a primary health care context (in 40-60 words each).Difference between preventive, curative and rehabilitative service delivery models in a primary health care context are:Preventive It contained history of a client.Immunization is one of the method of prevention.Health promotion and health education helps to prevent diseases.Regular check-up.Screening Monitoring (blood glucose level, blood test, blood pressure, etc.)Diet ExerciseLifestyleCounselling Curative Choice for treatment Diagnosis of the diseaseReferralFollow upsMedicationsChange in lifestyleConsultationSurgeryEducationX-raysAdvocateRehabilitativePhysiotherapyOccupational therapySpeech therapyExerciseUse of aidsMedicationsHydrotherapy Community nurseWound careCounsellors Provide an example each for the resources available in Australia for the provision of preventive, curative and rehabilitative service delivery models.An example for the resources available in Australia for the provision of preventive, curative and rehabilitative service delivery models are:Preventive service includes history of the client, immunization for the prevention of disease, health promotion and health education, regular check-ups, screening and monitoring, diet, exercise, lifestyle and counselling.Curative service includes choice of treatment, diagnosis of disease, referral, follow up, medication, change in lifestyle, consultation, surgery, education, x-rays and advocate.Rehabilitative service includes physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, exercise, use of aids, medication, hydrotherapy, community nurse, wound care and counsellor.Briefly describe the model of trans-disciplinary care in a primary health care context (in 50-80 words).Trans-disciplinary is a group of care worker who work together for the positive outcome in the field of health care. Trans-disciplinary care includes integrated clinicians like physicians, nurses, social workers, physical therapist, complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, physician assistants, community health workers and other health workers who play important role in providing comprehensive and preventive health care services in context of primary health care. Briefly describe how you would apply or promote the following principles in a primary health care context.Access and equityRight health care at right time.Focus on need of clientEverybody is equal and get equal care.Empowerment:Right to health service.Right to choice of treatment.Right to achieve proper health care.Right to get proper health treatment.REFERENCEEquals class room discussion

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