School Based Health Centers

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A school-based health clinics (SBHC), is a royal ordinance from the French government required schools to be responsible for students’ health and for the maintenance of sanitary regulation. In 1892, Americans finally decided to try public health nursing in New York’s East Side, which evolved into the Henry Street Settlement and the beginning of medical care in the school setting. According to the 2007-2008 census of the National Assembly on School-based Health Care (NASBHC), one hundred percent of SBHCs have some form of primary care provider, either a physician, nurse practitioner, or assistant physician. These clinics are typically staffed by a nurse practitioner with a doctor’s medical oversight. (Strozer, Juszczak, & Ammerman, 2010, School Nurse News, 1999 as cited in Essay Town, 2019). As recorded in the recent domestic census of NASBHC, in 2008, SBHCs have grown to nearly 2,000 facilities to meet the increasing need for kid and adolescent health care. School-based health centers and clinics were intended to provide learners on or near the school campus with accessible, affordable and high-quality health care. These clinics provide services from a multidisciplinary group of suppliers such as physical check-ups and screenings, mental health care, counseling for substance abuse, dental prevention, health education and promotion, and illness prevention (EssayTown, 2019). School clinics differ from state to state, creating a complicated and varied demographic and economic need. Most SBHCs are able to provide learners with healthcare facilities directly or through their government and private insurance. Despite this reimbursement, extra funding is required from federal and state grants, local community health organizations including hospitals, local health department, community health centers, academic medical centers, and non-profit organization. Advocating for SBHC include Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Public Health, Department of Education and various medical and health organizations (EssayTown, 2019).School-based health centers (SBHC) can provide equitable and comprehensive care for adolescents; yet, few studies have described how patterns of health service utilization differ among groups. The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in utilization and perceptions of SBHC care among adolescents (Vertical News, 2014).According to Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, “This study sample included 414 adolescent respondents to the Healthy Schools