Should euthanasia be legal?

Table of Contents

Euthanasia is a very debatable topic that is currently being discussed all around the world with the purpose to whether it should or not be legalized. Some countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg and some states in the USA), already allowed the act to be practiced, however not every nation has made the same. The very first country to legalize euthanasia was the Netherlands 2001. Whenever inquired as to whether the individuals who are at death’s door or in a coma ought to reserve the option to be euthanized, 86% of the overall population concur that the method ought to be an alternative. In the United States of America, in 2018 over 50 percent of the population consider euthanasia morally right. In Italy, about 75 percent of the answers to a survey weather euthanasia should be provided to relieve suffering were positive concerning the practice of the method, but should it really be legalized? I personally chose to write about this topic because I have participated in some debates at school about euthanasia and despite being aware of what it is and some of the arguments in favor and against, I feel that I want to know more about real life cases and its influence in society. This is what really inspired me to do further research. This essay will be divided into 4 parts: It will begin with various context about what the topic is, it will continue onwards with arguments in favor and against euthanasia and will end with a conclusion that will hopefully respond to the main question. Scientifically speaking and according to Oxford’s Dictionaries, Euthanasia is described as “the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma”. The word euthanasia originally comes from the Ancient Greek words, “eu”(stands for good) and “thánatos”(stands for death), when merged meaning “good death”. Not only it can be used to mercilessly kill someone with a terminal physical disease such as cancer, but also can be applied on psychiatric suffering diseases. For example, in the year of 2017 in the Netherlands, there were counted 6585 euthanized people due to physical illness, in addition to 83 people euthanized due to mentally illness, including the case of the Dutch women Aurelia Brouwers that said “When I was twelve I suffered from depression, and then I was first diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder”, which is an identity issue portrayed by serious emotional episodes, hasty conduct, and trouble shaping stable individual connections, “Other diagnoses followed including attachment disorder, chronic depression, I’m chronically suicidal, I have anxiety, psychoses, and I hear voices.” Aurelia personally chose to be euthanized and everyday would wish for the day to come. Moreover