Task 1 Equality means ensuring everyone in a setting has equal opportunities, regardless of their abilities, their background or their lifestyle. Equality is important in health and social care because everyone deserves to be treated the same no matter what race, religion, size, gender or sexuality you are. By promoting equality in health and social care you are stopping discrimination against others. It is important to treat everyone you work with the same, to treat someone differently can affect them in many ways no matter what age they are. In my placement in a primary school you would have to include everyone and not treat one child the same as they should all be treated the same. It doesn’t matter what race, religion, gender, sexuality you are, you should always treat everyone the same, but equality isn’t just about treating everyone the same, equality is about including everyone if they don’t know anybody or if they have no friends. Diversity means appreciating the differences between people and treating people’s values, belief, cultures and lifestyles with respect. Diversity is the practise or quality of including or involving people from a range of different social and ethnic backgrounds and of different genders, sexual orientation, etc. Diversity is important in a health and social setting because it promotes a good reputation of the workplace. In a workplace you should treat everyone the same, if you treat someone differently to others that could bring down their mood or their confidence can be torn and they could become extremely depressed and have severe anxiety. Treating people differently by discriminating against them can lead to court cases and even you could possibly be sued, if you act on your action when you discriminate against someone for example you hurting them with any physical violence, you could go to jail and serve time.Promoting equality and diversity in a practice is important as it creates an environment that people love to be in, an environment that treats everyone equally and they aren’t left out or treated differently to everyone else. Practices can promote equality and diversity by paying attention to the needs of the people surrounding you by giving to one on one time to each individual student you teach so you can help them with anything they need help with, also making sure you give detailed lessons to all students so they know what work they have to do. To ensure all students are treated the same by the students, you should go through thoroughly what discrimination is and what their actions can cause and if they don’t follow the rules what consequences there will be for them. Another way to promote equality and diversity in a classroom is to use group work, you will be able to split up the classroom and form groups of people who normally wouldn’t interact with each other. This will hopefully encourage the students to form bonds with more members of the class.Task 2 In a childcare setting such as in a primary school or in a nursery many types of discrimination can occur such as:- Direct discrimination- when a child is treated less favourably on the grounds of gender, disability, race, sexual orientation, religious belief or age. For example, using inappropriate language against someone with a different coloured skin and that they couldn’t achieve things that other children could achieve. – Indirect discrimination- When policies or practices affect a certain group of children more than others for no reason. The groups protected by the legislation include groups defined by their gender, race, sexuality, religion, belief or ageIn a health and social setting such as a care home many types of discrimination, for example, being refused a place in a care home because you are a transsexual person. This is direct discrimination because of gender reassignment. Types of discrimination that can occur such as:- Their age- The disability they have- If they are pregnant – Their race- Their religion or belief- Sexual orientation – Gender reassignmentEveryone has different values, beliefs and preferences. When building a relationship with people you might find that you can communicate with people who have the same hobbies, interest, values and culture as you more effectively that those who have different ideas, interest, values and cultures. Working in health and social care you are bound to come across people whose views you do not agree with as they might believe in something different to you or they might not understand your point of view, to be aware of other people’s ideas and to understand their ideas is a crucial part of a health and social care setting because it would help you communicate to different people. If you don’t understand their point of view, you should ask them to explain it to you and you should try to understand where they are coming from and you should explain what you think of it and let them try to understand your point of view, using equal communication will help you in job interview or communicating with patients, this is useful because it will show people you can understand them. All the standards, code of practice, legislation and laws are designed to promote people’s individual views, beliefs and values.The potential effects on individuals of discrimination are:Emotional and Physical impactsWhether you are an adult or a child, discrimination may have a severe impact on you. You might get injured or things can get worse if the harassment is bad. It may hurt your physique a lot. The emotional or mental impact is worse to deal with. You may feel anxious, sad, guilty, empty or depressed. You might not have the same enthusiasm to do the things you enjoy, and you may lose your appetite. Mental or emotional effects of discrimination gradually start to affect your physical health.Social, Educational and Financial impactsHarassment or discrimination may also hurt the victim socially as well as financially. It may also affect your educational life. When you are a victim of harassment, you may feel confused and broken. You may lose trust on the people you are supposed to trust the most as you feel like you can’t trust anyone. Some people might even take drugs to run away from the harassment. You might start avoiding people or you may feel hatred towards people, this will probably lead to you losing your job or to lose interest in the subjects you are learning.Impacts of discrimination on Society and BusinessConflicts due to race, gender and religion, etc. hinder the progress of the society much. Businesses may also find it tough to achieve their goals if they do not take strict action against bias. Employees might feel disappointed and their interest can get lower in work. Discrimination may also affect the trust and confidence of the employees. This way companies may lose the talented people that work there.Impacts of Discrimination on Politics Harassment and victimization have led to many war and conflicts in many countries. You may feel fed up with the politicians or a particular group’s actions in the situation. It may lead you to counteract and it’s not good for you or the country.Impacts of Discrimination on the Culprit There have been strict laws for people who discriminate. Whether you are aware of your acts or not, you must face the actions for the judiciary. Any individual can take the legal action against the culprit. The culprit must obey the decision that Judiciary takes.Task 3The key legal responsibilities of health, social care or children’s and young people’s organisation in relation to equality and inclusion areLegislation and codes of practice are legal requirements, if these are not met, they can lead to prosecution, being fined, giving your employer a bad reputation, you can be fired with no warnings or notice. If you do not adhere to legislation and codes of practice this will not be tolerated by the employers and the law. If you do not comply with the law you could face serious consequences, this could affect your future as you would have the charges put on your record and that could affect you getting a job in a health and social setting, as most jobs don’t want to employ people with a criminal record. If you fail to comply with the legislations in a practice you will be fined, being fined is the first consequence you will receive for non-compliance. Individuals can be imprisoned for breaches of health and safety law; you can have a sentence up to six months.