Technologies and the Internet of Things

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2725920-396822Technologies and the Internet of Things Abdulaziz AlmudaiheemS18000710521413-Business Information SystemColorado State UniversitySean Doyle Ph.D.03-Feb-2019Introduction:We are always surprised by the technology, which is dazzling, so invent many inventions that provide us with a lot of effort and time. From smart gadgets to smart homes and cities, we have now managed to integrate everything around us into our smart devices to control everything that matters to us as individuals, such as shutting down the oven rather than going back home, avoiding the heart attack caused by panic and forgetting simple things. Home, but it is much more.The concept of wireless Internet development has become more widespread, the integrated sensors have developed terribly, and people have begun to understand the technology that can be a personal, as well as a professional, means.There are many aspects of the development of technology in modern times. After many years of human communication through the Internet, it is now open to a new phase in which all the elements of the globe are connected, and we can imagine millions of applications that can be built on this in health, education, services, transportation, or even energy. In which Jeremy Rivkin, the EU consultant, and the author of “The Third Industrial Revolution,” said: The future Internet will allow for the exchange of energy and exchange of information!Every year our technology brings new features and features that evolve our way of maximizing the limits of technology. However one of the most powerful of these techniques is “Internet of things” because they can change the way we work and live and support the global economy in general.The Internet of Things (IoT) TechnologyAlso called the Internet of Everything or the Industrial Internet, is a new technology paradigm envisioned as a global network of machines and devices capable of interacting with each other. The IOT is recognized as one of the most critical areas of future technology and is gaining vast attention from a wide range of industries (Lee, I., & Lee, K. 2015)Reasons for Choose Organizations Internet of ThinksThe ideology of the Internet of Things is oriented on economic growth efficiency at the expense of automation processes in different fields of activities and the elimination of individuals from this process. Today many companies focus on mass segments of IOT in the process of the deployment of IoT projects are already conquering the IOT market around the world.So, you see what cool and crowd-pleasing inventions we have today in the world. Of course, the Internet of Things is impossible without hardware, but not without software. Software and hardware go hand in hand in the IoT. Therefore today many equipment manufacturers make it possible for software companies to create and modify their apps to use their devices. (Internet of Things Theory. 2015)Real-World examplesIOT plus Wi-Fi can help track patientsRolling out an IOT initiative at a single site is challenging enough; doing it across multiple locations at the same time requires even more testing and preparation.Schlegel Villages, an operator of 16 long-term care and retirement communities across Ontario, Canada, recently overhauled its entire network, using Aruba Gigabit wireless access points and IOT devices to provide point-of-care services and automated food services to residents.The company is preparing its network to support the connection of objects such as security cameras, nurse call systems and HVAC systems. As part of the transition, Schlegel is migrating from a Novell eDirectory multi-location server setup to a Microsoft Active Directory environment in a single data center.The health-care system connected to the Internet and smart medical devices holds tremendous potential not only for businesses but also for the well-being of people in general. Health care is one of the sectors that are supposed to be primarily supported by the advent of Internet applications things, Internet examples of things in this area are many.Research shows that the Internet in health care will be magnified in the years to come. Internet technologies aim at health responsibility to empower people to live a healthy life by wearing connected devices. Data collected helps to analyze individual health, especially to fight the disease ( HYPERLINK “” Violino. 2017)2 – Smart CitiesIntelligent cities, intelligent transportation, smart systems for energy management and environmental monitoring are all examples of smart Internet applications for smart cities. Intelligent cities are the real and best solution to people’s problems that are usually faced by population explosion, pollution, poor infrastructure, and power shortages. From smart garbage bins and parking lots, as well as sensor light bulbs that make them more service to citizens and more energy efficient.By installing sensors and using Internet applications, citizens can find free parking spaces available throughout the city, and sensors can detect issues of meter manipulation, malfunctions, and electrical installation problems.3-Smart / Connected HomesThe definition of a connected home is different for different people, and just can be said that a smart home is a home that has devices that can communicate with each other, as well as with their non-physical environment. The Smart House gives the owner the ability to customize and monitor the home environment, to increase security and manage energy efficiency. There are hundreds of Internet technologies available to monitor and build smart homes.There are also many manufacturers of consumer products, such as Belkin, Amazon, Philips and other companies.This paper presents an approach to the development of Smart Home applications by integrating the Internet of Things (IoT) with Web services and Cloud computing. The approach focuses on: (1) Embedding intelligence into sensors and actuators using Arduino platform, (2) Networking smart things using Zigbee technology, (3) Facilitating interactions with smart things using Cloud services, (4) Improving data exchange efficiency using JSON data format. Moreover, we implement three use cases to demonstrate the approach’s feasibility and efficiency, i.e., measuring home conditions, monitoring home appliances, and controlling home access. (Soliman, M., Abiodun, T., Hamouda, T., Zhou, J., & Lung, C. H. (2013, December)4- Smart clothing or electronic clothing (installed)There are “wearable computing devices,” “wearables” or “technical apparel” (all wearable), all of which refer to “electronic clothing.” This term means all creative wearable techniques, such as watches, elegance, rebirth, and wellness Apple, Google, Samsung, and others.Electronic clothing installed with sensors and software, which collects data and information about users, and then the data is processed to extract the core subscriber.5- Energy ManagementThe concept of the smart grid has become a trendy concept. The basic idea behind smart networks is to collect data in an automated way, analyze the behavior of electricity consumers and suppliers to improve efficiency, as well as the economics of electricity use.6- Cars and transportationDigital car technology has focused on improving the internal functionality of vehicles, but this interest is now increasing to enhance the experience of in-car entertainment systems. Car connected is a vehicle capable of improving its operation and maintenance, as well as providing the convenience of passengers using sensors and the Internet on board. Most large automakers, as well as some courageous startups, are working on solutions for the connected car, as well as big brands such as Tesla, BMW, Apple, Google, Coming in the field of cars.Benefits and costs savings that IOT provide to the organizationIncreasing cost and demand for energy has led many organizations to find smart ways for monitoring, controlling and saving energy. A smart Energy Management System (EMS) can contribute towards cutting the costs while still meeting energy demand. The emerging technologies of the Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data can be utilized to better manage energy consumption in residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. This paper presents an Energy Management System (EMS) for smart homes. In this system, each home device interfaced with a data acquisition module that is an IOT object with a unique IP address resulting in a large mesh wireless network of devices. The data acquisition System on Chip (SOC) module collects energy consumption data from each device of each smart home and transmits the data to a centralized server for further processing and analysis. This information from all residential areas accumulates in the utility’s server as Big Data. The proposed EMS utilizes off-the-shelf Business Intelligence (BI) and Big Data analytics software packages to manage energy consumption better and to meet consumer demand. Since air conditioning contributes to 60% of electricity consumption in Arab Gulf countries, HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) Units have has been taken as a case study to validate the proposed system. A prototype was built and tested in the lab to mimic small residential area HVAC systems1. (Al-Ali, A. R., Zualkernan, I. A., Rashid, M., Gupta, R., & Alikarar, M. 2017)IOT platforms can help organizations reduce cost through improved process efficiency, asset utilization, and productivity. However, with the improved tracking of devices/objects using sensors and connectivity, they can benefit from real-time insights and analytics, which would help them make smarter decisions. The growth and convergence of data, processes, and things on the internet would make such connections more relevant and vital, creating more opportunities for people, businesses and industries.The benefits for internal or external usersThe IoT promises to make our environment – our homes and offices and vehicles – smarter, more measurable, and chatter. Smart speakers like Amazon’s Echo and Google Home make it easier to play music, set timers or get information. Home security systems make it easier to monitor what’s going on inside and outside or to see and talk to visitors. Meanwhile, smart thermostats can help us heat our homes before we arrive back, and smart lightbulbs can make it look like we are home even when we are out.Further away, sensors can help us to understand how noisy or polluted our environment might be. Autonomous cars and smart cities could change how we build and manage our public spaces.However, many of these innovations could have significant implications for our privacy (Ranger. 2018) Some challenges or potential problems of using IOTThreat 1: Security and PrivacyIf you’ve paid attention to major technology news stories, you’ve heard a lot of scary things.1-The hacking of companies. 2- Stolen Identities. 3- The hacking of app-connected cars.These events are all enough to cause some severe anxiety. Learning how digitally-connected things have certain security risks. Often, default device settings equate to “wide open.” Many organizations do not have strong security protocols in place. Access controls are present. Therefore is the IOT equivalent of having a username/password combo of “admin” and “password.”Whatever are savvy enough to configure the connected device the right way, other gaps exist. Connected device manufacturers are often slow to update firmware or release patches. These companies may not provide support at all. Instead, they prefer to resolve security issues with the next version of the “thing.” So, security and privacy on your network of things have to be responsible. It seems unfair as user implementing the tech.Threat 2: Data and Complexity Now, imagine the complexity of thousands of sensors collecting data. The sensors do this each hour across a single organization. The plan is needed to process and analyze these vast quantities of data. Then you can translate these findings into better business practices.Threat 3: Business and IT Buy-inPersuading stakeholders to buy into the IOT can be difficult. Concerns about security and complexity can be intense. Other factors are holding back progress as well. The perceived costs and risks of laying a foundation are considerations. Even running a single experiment can get in the way of stakeholder buy-in. There are plenty of consumer-focused, cloud-managed IOT products out there. However, they do little to comfort those looking to introduce an IOT strategy to their enterprise. (3 Threats of the Internet of Things 2018)Conclusion:Everything new is being created is a link in the way we evolved as human beings, perhaps this is a development of Prosperity or reverse. The result here depends on the nature of our use as human beings for this thing. However, everyone can use it in a way that makes it useful or harmful. It seems that the Internet is a lot more technical in the future, and the increasing demand for its services will improve the quality of life of individuals and increase the productivity of enterprises, as well as services in the field of transport and logistics, security and facilities, education and health care, and other areas.References:Al-Ali, A. R., Zualkernan, I. A., Rashid, M., Gupta, R., & Alikarar, M. (2017). A smart home energy management system using IoT and big data analytics approach. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 63(4), 426-434.Lee, I., & Lee, K. (2015). The Internet of Things (IoT): Applications, investments, and challenges for enterprises. Business Horizons, 58(4), 431-440.Soliman, M., Abiodun, T., Hamouda, T., Zhou, J., & Lung, C. H. (2013, December). Smart home: Integrating internet of things with web services and cloud computing. In 2013 IEEE 5th International Conference on Cloud Computing Technology and Science (CloudCom) (pp. 317-320). IEEE.ZD Net What is the IoT? Available at: Internet of Things Theory Available at Violino Bob (2017) real-world examples of IoT Available at; Threats of the Internet of Things Available at;2018