Today I will be describing the different types of settings that work with children this will help Sam make a well informed choice by completing the task. I will describe the features of settings available for children aged 0-5 years. There are four settings statutory service, private service, voluntary service and independent service these are funded by the local authority (Wolverhampton city council), parents or a voluntary service organisation, which could be a charity. Some settings can be funded by all three.These services have to be available by law using a legislation, a legislation ‘is the term used to describe the main laws passed by the legislative bodies of the UK’ (The National Achieves, 2003-2006). It is provided by the local authority or the government. These are also inspected by Ofsted. Statutory services have benefits, social services, hospital treatment on the schools and NHS (English Encyclopedia, 2007).‘Statutory service is provision for children that must be provided by law. This provision will be run by the government or by local authorities’(Cache Level 2, 2019) for example schools are statutory service as it states in the law that children 5-18 years should be well educated and that the education should be free and given by the government. These schools will be inspected by Ofsted to see if the school is maintained.These are services that make profit meaning that they have the parents pay for the provision due to it being run privately. These may include a crèche, workplace day nursery or a child minders home. These will need to be registered by Ofsted. Private settings are normally paid for and usually have high standards. ‘Private sector businesses leverage governmental assets and resources while developing, financing, owning and operating public facilities or services’ (www.investopedia.com/terms/p/private-sector.asp)An example of private service would be a crèche which will provide care for children from time to time, when the parents are engaged in activities. These don’t need to register with Ofsted but can if they wish to. The ages normally vary depending on which crèche. Another example would be a workplace nursery this gives education and care when the parents are at work. These however need to be registered by Ofsted. The ages are three months and over (Cache level 2, 2019).Voluntary means that a provision has been set up and funded by donation and volunteered contributes. These services are provided by organisations which could be a church group or charities. Sometimes some parents may have to pay donations to help cover the costs. If the parents leave their children with the workers then it will be check and registered by Ofsted however parents are allowed and can choose to stay with their children (Cache level 2, 2019).A voluntary service could be a parent and toddle group which is a drop in session for parents with young children and it is usually run by other parents or volunteers. Parents will have full responsibility for their child. Another example of voluntary service is a playgroup or pre-school which may be run by parents or staff. If the child’s care is left with staff then it will be checked by Ofsted they are normally ‘run on a voluntary basis during term time only’ (Cache level 2, 2019).These services are provided independently of the state meaning they don’t rely on government funding this causes them to charge the parents instead. Independent schools might choose not to follow the National Curriculum due to not being funded by the government but they still need to follow the EYFS Framework they will also be inspected by Ofsted. They are normally set up by a private sector due to having to pay money to get in.An example of independent services is a school-based nursery which is attached to an infant or primary school. The age will vary depending on the school and type of provision. It will normally start in a independent school however it will be in an maintained nursery it should normally be the year before the child stats a fulltime education so really four years.
Table of Contents