Promote person centred approaches in care settings

Table of Contents

Explain how and why person centred values must influence all aspects of health and adult care work Person centred values influence all aspects of health and adult care, this can be shown through the Human Rights Act 1998 and Social Care Act 2012 which dictate that health care should be based on person centred values. It enables service users to be treated with dignity and respect, while also taking into account there own beliefs and identities. It also enables the service users to carry out these tasks with assistance but still provide them with the independence they originally had. Person centred values involve individuals to be supported to access there rights while still promoting anti discrimination practices, this is through promoting equal opportunities and choices for individuals.

Complete the table below to evaluate the use of care plans in applying person centred values Benefits Limitations It informs all care givers of the type of care the service user requires including there preferences It can be a potential breach of confidentiality as it would have to involve their name and date of birth It lays a general set of ‘instructions’ that everyone is to use -this is best seen in a wound management care plan Not all care plans can be certain and beneficial towards the patient. If there is a communication barrier or confusion from the patient certain preferences can be misunderstood for something they don’t like and visa versa

It promotes person centred care as care plans can be as detailed as the service use would like to ensure that there choice, preferences, beliefs and values are all taken into account and applied Sometimes care plans can provide a high and unachievable expectation either due to time restraints or limited resources

It keeps up individuals wellbeing, as shown in a dementia care plan or the basic acts of daily living (ADLs) care plan, it’s a document that is used everyday so it promotes a regular routine to be continued no matter the carers Explain how you may gather and analyse information to support the delivery of person centred care in line with your roles and responsibilities When gathering information to support person centred care and the patient is to be confused or lacks capacity, it’s important to try and get the information from someone who knows the patient well like a family member or close friend. This way you can have an accurate representation of what there regular lifestyle, choices and beliefs are and therefore plan and continue there routine. If the patient isn’t confused then given our role as health care assistance, we can gather this information ourselves from the patient. Information like there interests, food preferences and their daily routines we can then analyse this information and place it into an appropriate care plan. In terms of a short term health care plan such as; wound management, it’s best to consult with professionals within this area such as, doctors, tissue viability nurses etc. Explain the links between identity, self image and self esteem, you may wish to consider how these may be impacted when a person is a patient in your place of work

Identity is the basic characteristics and interests that one could recognise as being unique to them. This then throughout there life will make up their individual personality. Self image is based on the individual opinion on there own self worth, attractiveness or intelligence. Finally, self esteem is the confidence in your own qualities as a person. So if an individual is to be referred as a patient all three of there personal attributes can be affected. It is common is hospital among staff to label patients under there bed number for confidentiality reasons, however in doing this it could effect how the patients feels about their identity but objectifying them to a number rather than a person. For patients whom are rushed into hospital it’s common that they come in with hardly any belongings so as a result they have to acquire our resources such as; a comb, night wear, our toothbrushes and pastes, our razors etc.

Because our resources are bought in bulk they aren’t always very practical to the patient for example; a patient who would normal use an electric razor because of poor dexterity can not shave with our basic razors unless seeking assistance. This therefore can effect there self image as this can effect there self worth and attractiveness. Patients who develop a condition or have to stay in hospital for a long period of time may drop there self esteem. This is because through staying in hospital they would’ve become outcast from society and there mobility may decrease over time.

Analyse factors that contribute to the wellbeing of individuals, consider how these may be impacted in the hospital environment Certain factors that may contribute to the wellbeing of individuals are as follows; there individual physical health- for an individual to have a healthy body it can make them feel good about themselves. But to achieve this means regular exercise and having a healthy diet and by being in hospital this isn’t always achievable due to there illnesses. Emotional support from others also can effect an individuals wellbeing, when in hospital we can provide emotional support but sometimes for certain individuals it’s more effective if the emotional support comes from a friend or family member which isn’t always achievable if there loved ones live far away. Finally there respect and dignity can be massively effected in hospital, for example it is a requirement when being rushed into Accident and Emergency (A and E) for the nurses to carry out an electrocardiograph (ECG) which given the placement of the stickers means women would have to remove all clothing on the upper half of their body which can make one feel uncomfortable or even anxious.

Compare different uses of risk assessment in care settings Health and safety risk assessments covers the majority of all risks related to health and social care. These include; lifting equipment, electrical appliances, moving and handling, accident and incident, food safety, environment, fire and control of substances hazardous to health (COSHH). Such assessments such as the moving and handling assessment involves carrying out an assessment to find out if there are any issues with the moving and handling of patients or inanimate objects. Whereas the fire risk assessment involves carrying out a risk assessment if there is any issue that can increase risk of fire or disrupt the evacuation plan. Explain how risk-taking and risk assessment related to rights and responsibilities Analyse factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent Explain why risk assessments need to be regularly reviewed. Can you think of an example from your place of work