1.1 Summarise entitlement and provision for early years educationThere are different types of childcare options available to parents in our borough. These include:Surestart children’s centres – working with and helping parents during pregnancy right up until your child reaches 5 years old. They provide health and family support during pregnancy, the child’s first 5 years, offer childcare for over 2’s, parenting advice and support and offer training opportunities and support groups including mental health support.Day nurseries – All day childcare for children aged from 3 months to 5 years anytime from 7am-6pm (including breakfast and after school club). This type of childcare s full-time and over 52 weeks. Day nurseries offer 2-year-old funding which is 15 hours free for people on certain benefits and 3-4-year-old funding which is 30 hours if entitled. Day nurseries follow the EYFS guidelines. Some day nurseries offer training opportunities such as apprenticeships and courses such as first aid, safeguarding and child protection. Nursery schools – These are nurseries that are an extension of a school before they start reception. This type of nursery can also be based at Surestart children centres. Nursery schools offer early learning and childcare part-time; half days, a couple of times a week (15 hours funded); or in some schools they also offer full-time (30 hours funded).Preschools and playgroups – Part-time childcare for under 5’s. Playgroups can sometimes be for both adults and their children to participate in for a few hours one or two days a week. Both offer 2-year-old and 3-4-year-old funding. Childminders – care for children up to the age of 12/13 years. They care for your child/ren at their home and usually do school drop offs/pickups. Childminders can care for children during term-time and even during the school holidays for working parents. Some childminders accept 2-year-old funding and 3-4-year-old-funding. The ratio for a childminder is 6:1 under the age of 8, of these 6 children, a maximum of 3 maybe young children – ‘a child is a young child until 1st September following their 5th birthday’.Au pair/ live in nanny – An au pair is a live-in childminder from a different country who also carries out domestic work around the house. Au pairs are usually between the ages of 18-30 years. Live in nannies are within the same age range but come from the same country. They also carry out domestic work around the house. 1.2 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governanceCommunity primary schools – Schools that follow the EYFS in nursery (if applicable) and reception and follow the national curriculum in years 1-6. Some schools are run by the local authority who have primary responsibility for admissions and employment of staff within the school.Voluntary aided (VA) school (currently working within) – VA schools are schools that are associated with a religion. They are partly funded by the governing body, charities and the local authority as well as parent donations towards the school. VA schools follow the EYFS in their nursery and reception classes and the national curriculum in years 1-6. VA schools are free to only learn about one religion in their religious education classes or throughout the school day, e.g. prayers before lunch and home time and religious songs. Academies – Academies are run by the government. The government funds academies and employs staff. Academies do not have to follow the national curriculum, but they do have to still follow the rules on admissions, exclusions and special educational needs (SEN). Private schools/independent schools – Private schools or “independent schools” which they are sometimes known as charge their own fees to attend their school. Private schools do not have to follow the national curriculum, but they are inspected regularly.Free schools – Free schools can be set up by charities because they run on a not-for-profit basis. Free schools are funded by the government but are not run by the local authority. Free schools can set their own term dates and times of the school day. Free schools are ‘all ability’ schools so they do not use the academic selection processes. 1.3 Explain the post 16 options for young people and adultsSixth form college – Sixth form colleges are either full-time or part-time depending on the persons situation or the course they are on. Sixth form colleges provide normal college courses but with the addition of the chance to resit GCSE’s that they may not have made the grade for to qualify for the course they would like to go on. Young people can receive funding from the college if they are on a low income. They usually receive money every week towards their books, food and any resources for their chosen course. College – College can be full-time (5 days a week) or part-time (3 days a week) depending on the course. Colleges provide opportunities for young people to study for A levels, AS levels, certificates and BTEC diplomas. Young people can also partake in student led clubs and societies. Colleges in my borough provide a 16-19-year-old bursary for young people whose parents are on a low income as well as free school meals. Completing a college course can earn you UCAS points which are used to qualify for a university course or depending on the experience you have gained during the course; you could go straight into employment. University – University can be full-time (2/3/4 years depending on level and length of course) or part-time (4/5/6 years depending on level and length of course). Young adults can live in the area of their universities in dorms or student homes or they can stay at home with their families and commute. Young adults can apply for funding from Student Finance England. They may receive a loan covering full or part of their tuition fees (would need to be paid back); a maintenance loan which covers living costs, travel and other essentials (needs to be paid back); a maintenance grant if on a low income which can give extra towards food, living costs, resources for the course and other essentials (doesn’t have to be paid back); a bursary which is given in two parts during an academic year if the person attends the course regularly and partakes in the work given to them (doesn’t need to be paid back). Attending university can gain you entry into employment or an opportunity to move from a foundation degree to an undergraduate and from an undergraduate to a postgraduate then onto a masters or a doctorate.Adult college – Adult colleges are usually part-time or as a one-off depending on whether enrolled on a course or a training opportunity to further your current career. Adult colleges offer evening classes for adults to gain a college qualification to start up a job or further their current career. They also offer training opportunities for people wanting to learn a new skill or build on a skill they already have relevant to their current job Apprenticeships – Apprenticeships are usually full-time at 30 hours a week 5 days a week depending on the job. People on apprenticeships earn the apprenticeship national minimum wage of £3.50 an hour unless they are in their second year which means they can earn the normal national minimum wage for their age group. Apprenticeships are on-the-job training to gain the skills, knowledge and experience for their chosen career. At the end of the apprenticeship the person may be offered a position at the job or the person would have the relevant qualifications and experience needed to apply for a similar job elsewhere. Internships – Internships can be paid or unpaid but allow young people or adults to work in an organisation to gain experience on the job and can sometimes end with them being given a position in the workplace. Interns are usually undergraduates or students and can last anything from a month to three months or even a year. Internships offer young people and adults the chance to gain the relevant skills and experience they would need to apply for jobs in their chosen career. Employment – Children born on or after 1st September 1997 must remain in some form of education until the age of 18 but once 18 some young people decide that going straight into employment is the best move for them. 2.1 -Explain the strategic purpose of: school governors, senior management team, other statutory roles e.g. SENCO, teachers, support staff roles.School governors – Every school has a board of governors that run, and set aims and objectives for the school. Independent or private schools usually have their own set of school governors with their own requirements. School governors are usually responsible for the running of the school which includes admissions, setting of aims and objectives, employment of staff in the school, school budgets and funding and generally to help the school to reach its best performance levels so the school can guide children effectively. Senior management team – The senior management team consists of more experienced staff such as the head teacher, deputy head, business manager, HR, head of years, OFSTED and SENCO. They have meetings every morning to ensure that everyone is familiar with the plan that has been prepared for each day of the next term and can sometimes meet weekly or fortnightly to discuss the running of the schools, its aims, objectives, policies and procedures and how they can improve the school. SENCO – SENCO offer support for children with special educational needs (SEN). They work alongside parents of children with SEN and their teachers and any 1:1 staff the child may have to ensure the best level of care is being offered to them. SENCO also deal with all the paperwork regarding the child to ensure that all the child’s background information is recorded effectively and updated accordingly. SENCO also offer training opportunities and support to each member of staff that care or the child such as their teacher, parents, learner supports or learner support assistant (1:1). Teachers – Teachers are responsible for the running of a classroom of at least up to 30 children in a community school or less within a private school. Teachers use the national curriculum (years 1-6) and the EYFS (nursery and reception) to help guide and encourage children to reach their full learning potential. Teachers are not only responsible for all the children in their care, they are also responsible for support staff such as teaching assistants and HLTA, apprentices or volunteers. Teachers carry out risk assessments before staff and children enter the building; prepare lesson plans and topics for the children to complete over each term; mark each child’s work and complete their portfolios (if in nursery or reception and following the EYFS); set targets for each child in their care and encourage them to meet the targets by setting activities during the school day and through communication with parents about things they could do at home to help. Teachers help children with their literacy, including phonics, handwriting, tricky words and sentences, and numeracy, including counting, shapes, measure, time. Teachers also provide parents with feedback about their children through newsletters, letters, parents evenings, stay and play sessions and private teachers meetings which are usually set up by the teachers who would like to see a child and their parents one-on-one at anytime in the school year. Support staff – Support staff can be midday assistants, teaching assistants (TA), Higher level teaching assistants, learner support or learner support assistants (one-on-one, 1:1). Support staff are there to support teachers in the classroom and help them to aid the children in their class with their learning and developmental needs.
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