When nursing started it is not really done with formal training. Women teach and train their daughters from home simple first aid and home remedied. Now nursing profession has changed in a way that is likely to have strong effect. There are good hospitals nowadays that focus on patient care and are saving lives.Training for nursing involves basic principles in the beginning. Those people that are sick are offered care by mother and family members. When Florence Nightingale came, she is the first nurse that offer training for nurses and instruction manual are offered for women, on how to give care, how to dress, using glove when care for patient and how to care for postpartum patient (Minority Nurse, 2019)Today there are different nursing programs, CNA, LVN, ADN, BSN, but certification are different and all of them are need to pass there certification or license before they can start practicing nursing in other to provide good care for patient. Today how to dress and how to address patient is different for past years. Also today technology advancement has change medical field. This help to save lives and it make job easy for nursing than before and create better experience for patient. Now patient care is the first priority for medical professional. BSN program is for 4 years in university, baccalaureate emphasis on critical thinking, leadership, management, community health. BSN have a good decision making and evaluation. ADN program is for two years In community college, after passing NCLEX they help in bed side care, working in nursing home, home health, ADN can do assessment and planning but they do not have more critical thinking skills like BSN because of two years they spend in school, also ADN cannot be placed in leadership position for example Nurse executive, case manager, nurse educator in an organization but BSN can. BSN is responsible for coordinating of all care provided. BSN deliver work in the hospital, community, ICU. BSN work in acute care setting.Cancer has become the leading cause of deaths in the present world. Studies indicate that an average of over eight million deaths occurs every year as a result of cancer with new cases of over 170,000 infections coming up each year (Charalambous, A et al., 2016). Therefore, there is an increasing need for nurses to offer critical care and support to cancer patients. The patients may require important information about their diagnosis and treatment, their survival probability and palliative care (Charalambous, A et al., 2016). They may also need to make important decisions on their finances and social life; hence, the advice of a nurse to facilitate their decision making is very key.Appropriate patient care entails making the patients feel contented with the information is given to them and diagnosis together with administration of efficient procedures and advice to patients ranging from a variety of issues such as spiritual, financial and social decisions. ADN and BSN- prepared nurses, have different qualities and abilities to facilitate this to cancer patients.The training of BSN nurses equips them with a lot of analytical and critical thinking skills as well as further training on social sciences, socio-economic issues and community and public health hence they will tend to be of great help in providing important information to the patients that will help them to make important information (Matthias, A. D., & Kim-Godwin, Y. S., 2016). Their advice is based on critical thinking and the vast knowledge of the patient’s disease. On the other hand, the AND nurses may lack important and critical information on the disease hence basing their advice on experience and the superficial information about the disease (Matthias, A. D., & Kim-Godwin, Y. S., 2016).However, though the approaches to care of the ADN and BSN differs they both play a critical role in the patients care in a hospital setting as far as care to a cancer patient is concerned. Both their approaches may act complementarily to each other.Significance of Evidence-Based Practice to Nursing CareEvidence-based practice (EBP) is an approach which is patient-centered found on scientifically independent research and experiences of clinicians. Nurses that utilize this approach put into consideration recent research on healthcare during treatment and care. EBP is significant to nursing care in the following ways: first, it improves the outcome of patients as more focus is on the care quality, which minimizes complications that are associated with a chronic illness. Also, it lowers the care costs as the program seeks to eliminate costs which are unnecessary in treating chronically diseased patients as well as lowering costs of healthier persons from making unnecessary visits to caregivers for their routine medical check-up (LoBiondo-Wood et al., 2017). EBP leads to the development of decision-making and critical thinking skills as nurses adapt to circumstances, work in interdisciplinary teams, and apply informatics. Thus EBP results in superior nursing skills. EBP is a suitable program in nursing and healthcare practice as it impacts both the patients and healthcare providers such that the patients improve their quality of life as the caregivers are more competent in their treatment plans and understand patient’s requirements. EBP enhances cognitive abilities of healthcare providers as it cultivates skills of solving problems in patients (Black et al., 2015).EBP has influenced nursing education by altering BSN curricula program to incorporate it. EBP has been promoted by an acceleration of the RN-BSN students who aim at increasing their general base knowledge and being accountable for the profession. The program has encouraged learners to consider the significant scientific study, cultural, and socioeconomic backgrounds that improve critical and creative skills. Education system incorporates both classroom learning and clinical setting, which equips the student with skills of the profession that they can transition from the classroom to healthcare centers (LoBiondo-Wood et al., 2017). Interdisciplinary teams in healthcare involve collaboration between the personnel with the objective of ensuring that the goals and the objectives of an organization are realized in ways that improve patient outcomes. For the nurses, the most effective way of engaging in interdisciplinary team activities involves collaboration in the realization of a common purpose, setting goals, making decisions, and sharing resources and responsibilities. In this process, nurses seek the intervention and the expertise of clinical and personnel from different disciplines while also integrating the needs and the views of the patients when undertaking assessments, diagnosis, goal setting, intervention and in the creation of care plans (Lancaster et al., 2015). Collaborating through this strategy create an environment in which all the players feel respected an appreciated in the process of assessing the prognosis of an illness or developing a care plan to address the needs of the patients.Communication within the interdisciplinary teams can also be effective in enhancing the possibility of realizing positive patient outcomes and improved patient satisfaction. When the leadership of interdisciplinary teams creates an environment that allows for open communication, nurses can share their experiences with other team members in a way that increases the possibility that they will be able to develop an informed and relevant patient care plans. Moreover, it also creates a platform in which individuals are assigned responsibilities based on their level of expertise and willingness to learn (Moss, Seifert & O’Sullivan, 2016). It is through effective communication within the teams that it will be possible to know and understand the capabilities of each team members in a way that promotes effective division of labor and specialization among the personnel. The patients will also be confident in the ability of the personnel to address their needs.
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