Do we own our own body?Suicide is something that societies constantly put efforts against in order to prevent its occurrence, although, there are some types of it that has not been brought up into light and lacks the attention that is needed here in Egypt. Euthanasia is a term that refers to the termination of patients suffering from chronic diseases in order to relieve them from their suffering, but in some cases, this decision is left to their families, this is when they are extremely ill. It is proven that between 0.3% to 4.6% of all death cases are reported as euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide in jurisdictions where they are legal. Request for premature ending of life has contributed to the debate about the role of such practices in contemporary health care. This debate cuts across complex and dynamic aspects such as, legal, ethical, human rights, health, religious, economic, spiritual, social and cultural aspects of the civilized society. The reason this topic was chosen is because there was a movie called “the sea inside” which was extremely emotional and Sympathetic to the issue. In order to find an answer to that question, it should be discussed from both global and national perspectives.According to the global perspective, it is claimed that the human bodies belong only to them, so, people have the right to do whatever they want with it, especially when it comes to putting an end to their suffering and the contentious pain, also people cannot be forced to live longer than what they want. In addition, no one knows how the physical and the emotional pain of illness the patients with chronic diseases feel. A nationwide poll of 1,032 people was conducted by “Essential Research”, revealed that 73% of Australians support voluntary assisted dying. According to Dr Kailash Chand whose motion was about legalizing euthanasia, he stated that, patients already know that they are dying and it is just a matter of time, and this often place relatives in a situation where they have to deal with the painful risk of losing their loved ones, but they often find themselves in the middle of distressing legal battles. So taking this right away from patients, does nothing but prolonging their suffering and their families. In addition, euthanasia can be time, money and resources efficient, the amount of money, resources which are being put towards beds, doctors, nurses and the entire healthcare is limited in all the countries. It is a huge waste if this money was used in lengthening the lives of those who have an incurable disease, and want to end their suffering rather than saving the lives of those with a curable ailment. When the patients seeking euthanasia are granted their wishes, then, the waiting list for each hospital will shorten. Thus, the health care money of each country, the hospital beds, and the energy of the doctors can be used on the ones who can be cured, and are able to continue in their contribution towards society. This is better way of using money and resources rather than unnaturally extend those incurable people’s lives. An earlier case, that of Nancy Cruzan, which has initiated all this havoc of law suits, from three thousand other patients and their families, requesting their rights in euthanasia. Ms. Cruzan had an accident and entered the same persistent vegetative state and ended up by her parents requesting to end her life after eight enduring years of waiting, which is the hardest thing to all the parents to kill their own children, but this is all out of love, because, they know well that this is better than leaving them to suffer. Nationally, with the rise of religion across the world, it was found out that Egypt has conservative religious beliefs whether its Islam or Christianity. According to Islamic views, the human life is so significant that no one is allowed to mess with it, “we prescribe to the children of Israel that whoever slays a soul, unless it be for manslaughter or for mischief in the land, it is as though he slew all men” . And only god who gets to decide the lifespan of each individual, this was stated when he said; “And a soul will not die but with the permission of Allah the term is fixed” . And when saying: “And do not kill any one whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause” Humans must not get in the way of this. From the Christianity perspective, the bible stated that, murder is not allowed in (Exodus 20:13) where it says, “You must not murder.” Murder is the illegitimate act of taking someone’s life. In addition, after surveying 40 test subjects, 23 of them (57.5%), stated that, euthanasia should not be legalized in Egypt. After a discussion was made with a student in the faculty of medicine, she agreed on following the Hippocratic oath which states, “I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect.” After interviewing various other people in that scope, they all agreed to that opinion. “What would you do if you were locked in your body, your brain intact but with no way to communicate? How do you survive emotionally when you are invisible to everyone you know and love?” This is an excerpt from Martin Pistorius’s book, who fell into a mysterious coma at the age of 12; he was diagnosed by the doctors with a vegetative state for 15 years, he kept living, treading as a ghost through all those years, he even heard his mother telling him ‘I hope you die.’ , This was the hardest thing anyone can ever hear from their mother. They only found out the truth which was, he has locked-in syndrome after 15 years, and by the help of technology and medicine, he had been able to return to his normal life, and even graduated, then got married, and finally he wrote his book, “Ghost Boy” .
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