Capstone Project Topic Selection and Approval

Capstone Project Topic Selection and ApprovalNameInstitutionInstructorCourseDate Capstone Project Topic Selection and ApprovalThe use of evidence-based practice has gained recognition in the healthcare sector due to the associated benefits that has enhanced the achievement of healthcare goals (Maguire, Li, Cunich, & Maloney, 2019). The evidence-based practice proposal topic for this capstone project involves how implementing worksite programs helps improve diet and physical activity behaviors to reduce weight among employees compared to the use of other interventions (Maguire, Li, Cunich, & Maloney, 2019). Obesity has been a growing concern that increases the risk of developing health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Since employees may lack the time to participate in physical activities due to their busy schedules, developing work site programs will help the employees while at work which will lead to a better outcome (De Winter, Rioux, Boudreau, Bouchard, & Sénéchal, 2018). Avoiding obesity is a challenge for employees if no programs are developed in their organizations to help them in exercising, changing their lifestyles, and adopting healthier foods. In the development of these programs, certain employee aspects are considered that include the health status of employees, required resources, and any barriers that may affect the participation of employees in these programs (Matharu et al., 2017). Employees have a responsibility of ensuring that an organization achieves its goals. However, poor health means that the employees will be unable to meet these objectives, as their productivity will be reduced. Due to poor lifestyles and diet, individuals are at increased risk of developing health-related problems due to obesity (Matharu et al., 2017). Work site programs will identify some of the contributing factors to obesity that may include stress, poor lifestyles, or lack of physical activity. Employees may face risks attributed to the working environment that include having access to financial resources that allow them to buy any foods they like and influence by other employees to engage in risky behaviors that contribute to the development of obesity (Pearl, Puhl, & Dovidio, 2017). Work site programs will also create a community that is aiming to achieve same goals creating a supportive environment to achieve healthy goals. Obesity can affect individual’s quality of life affecting their productivity through depression, feelings of shame, social discrimination (Pearl, Puhl, & Dovidio, 2017). Unproductive employees will affect an organization’s achievement of goals through negative patient outcomes. Since employees spend most of their time in the working environment, work site programs will have a positive impact on their lives compared to any other intervention aimed at addressing the issue of obesity (Abbasi, Majdzadeh, Zali, Karimi, & Akrami, 2018).This will also enable employees to be consistent even during the weekends when they are not working, as this has become part of their routine. The first process in implementing these programs can involve the development of educational strategies to educate employees on the importance of checking their weight regularly and comparing it to their body mass index (Osondu et al., 2016). This will help in encouraging the employees to participate in the program since they are aware about the seriousness of the problem and what goals need to be achieved. This is because one of the major issues leading to obesity is the lack of awareness where individuals are ignorant of their health status (Hruby et al., 2016). Health education is the most effective strategies to use to alert employees on the risks associated with obesity, as individuals are able to interact with their educators and ask any questions elated to obesity (Hruby et al., 2016). Members can also be involved in decision-making process to develop effective programs as well as implement the work site programs that will enhance the outcome of these programs. One key area that can be used to address obesity is changes in nutrition where organizations develop programs to enhance the diet as employees usually partake different meals at the organization (Pausé, 2017). Another area is the development of physical activity programs as part of a comprehensive wellness program. Organizational structures can be modified to include all employees regardless of their employment positions, provide behavioral counseling, reward positive behavior change, and provide the required support and opportunities for employees to be active (Pausé, 2017). Creating an effective environment that encourages more members to participate in these programs will lead to a positive impact on the achievement of this goal. This will be a good example in the nursing profession as nurses are better positioned to explain to patients about the effective interventions that can be implemented to improve the health of the community (Lockwood, Marsland, Matthews, & Gianaros, 2018). Having healthy nurses is also important in ensuring high performance and the achievement of healthcare goals as this will prevent some of the negative effects of obesity that may limit the performance of affected nurses. ReferencesAbbasi, M., Majdzadeh, R., Zali, A., Karimi, A., & Akrami, F. (2018). The evolution of public health ethics frameworks: systematic review of moral values and norms in public health policy. Medicine, Health Care, And Philosophy, 21(3), 387–402. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-017-9813-yDe Winter, M., Rioux, B. V., Boudreau, J. G., Bouchard, D. R., & Sénéchal, M. (2018). Physical Activity and Sedentary Patterns among Metabolically Healthy Individuals Living with Obesity. Journal Of Diabetes Research, 2018, 7496768. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7496768Hruby, A., Manson, J. E., Qi, L., Malik, V. S., Rimm, E. B., Sun, Q., Willett, W. C., & Hu, F. B. (2016). American Determinants and Consequences of Obesity. Journal of Public Health, 106(9), 1656-1662. Lockwood, K. G., Marsland, A. L., Matthews, K. A., & Gianaros, P. J. (2018). Perceived discrimination and cardiovascular health disparities: a multisystem review and health neuroscience perspective. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1428(1), 170–207. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13939Maguire, S., Li, A., Cunich, M., & Maloney, D. (2019). Evaluating the effectiveness of an evidence-based online training program for health professionals in eating disorders. Journal of Eating Disorders, 7(1), N.PAG. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-019-0243-5Matharu, K., Shapiro, J. F., Hammer, R. R., Kravitz, R. L., Wilson, M. D., & Fitzgerald, F. T. (2014). Reducing obesity prejudice in medical education. Education for Health (Abingdon, England), 27(3), 231–237. https://doi.org/10.4103/1357-6283.152176Osondu, C. U., Aneni, E. C., Shaharyar, S., Roberson, L., Rouseff, M., Das, S., & Feldman, T. (2016). The Effectiveness of a Worksite Lifestyle Intervention Program on High-Risk Individuals as Potential Candidates for Bariatric Surgery: My Unlimited Potential (MyUP). Population Health Management, 19(5), 368–375. https://doi.org/10.1089/pop.2015.0111Pausé, C. (2017). Borderline: The Ethics of Fat Stigma in Public Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45(4), 510–517. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073110517750585Pearl, R. L., Puhl, R. M., & Dovidio, J. F. (2017). Can Legislation Prohibiting Weight Discrimination Improve Psychological Well-Being? A Preliminary Investigation. Analyses of Social Issues & Public Policy, 17(1), 84. Retrieved from https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=126964273&site=eds-live&scope=site

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