CHAPTER IINTRODUCTIONLiterature is pieces of writing that are valued as works of

CHAPTER IINTRODUCTIONLiterature is pieces of writing that are valued as works of art, especially novels, plays, drama, epic, poem, biography and autobiography. It is the product of imagination, originality, style of expression, thought, emotion and feelings idea etc. Literature is an oral or written work which consists of particular use of langue, and it gives pleasure and reflects human life in it.American literature is a literature written or produced by the writer’s of America and also other colonized countries. American literary tradition is began as the one part of the main section of English literature tradition. Several of the countries which are bound into existence through the medium of colonization, only after the discovery of America, the United States have its own literature and own writing form of creation. Only in the late eighteenth and nineteenth century first American novels are published such as Adventures of Alonso by Thomas Atwood it published in London in 1775, The Power of Sympathy written by William Hill Brown published in 1791. It increasing desire to produce unique American literature and culture, it leads to the number of key figures are to emerged America literature.Romanticism leads to the development of American literature; renaissance period is a prominent to the writers to express their imaginative and emotional qualities of literature. The famous new generation American writers Washington Irving, was an Father of American short stories, James Fennimore cooper was Father of American Fiction, Edgar Allan Poe- Father of American detective stories, Ralph Waldo Emerson- Chief Spokesman of Transcendentalism, Henry David Thoreau was a Representative of Transcendentalism and also Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Nathanial Hawthorne, Melville. American writers during the World War I they expressed disillusionment through their writing. American drama is only reaching the peak after the end of the World War I by the works of Eugene O’ N ill (1880-1953). He introduces the techniques of realism along with Anton Chekhov. He won the Pulitzer prizes for four times, and the Noble’s prize. He was suffered from depression and also alcoholism. His sufferings are reflected in his works, Long Day Journey’s into Night, Beryond the Horizon (1920), Anna Christie (1922), Strange Interlude (1928), Ah! Wilderness (1933), and The Iceman Cometh (1946). The famous American playwrights Tennessee Williams and Arthur Miller are dominated the American drama in their works in middle of the twentieth century. Tennessee Williams (1911-1983) a famous American writer. He gets a unique place among the American playwrights of twentieth century. His famous works are The Glass Menagerie (1944), A Streetcar Named Desire (1947) and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, Night of the Iguana (1962), he portrayed his own disappointment life style in his writings his works have main themes like isolation, insanity, depression, anxiety because the war condition. His most of work are adapted into film and he received Pulitzer Prize for his drama. A famous American essayist and playwright Arthur miller (1915-2005) received many awards for his intellectual writings like Kennedy center Honors in 1984, Doromy and Lillian Gish Prize in 1999, Jerusalem Prize in 2003, in 2001 he Received the premium Imperial awards and also Pulitzer prize for his drama in 1949. His famous works are The Crucible (1953), A View from the Bridge (1955), All my Sons (1947), Death of Salesman (1949). In nineteenth century the two greatest poets are Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson they have very different style and temperament. Walt Whitman was a traveler working man during the civil war he worked as a self appointed nurse ad poetic innovator. He uses a free flowing verse and lines of irregular length to depict the all inclusiveness of American democracy in which his magnum opus The Leaves of Grass.Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) is an unmarried women writer in American literature. Dickinson poems and her works are witty, ingenious, exquisitely wrought, and psychologically penetrating. Much of her poems dwell on death, of then with a mischievous twist. And her works show the woman positions in a male dominated society.American literature poetry and fiction are famous in nineteenth century but only in twentieth century in reached the peak by the writers like Sylvia Plath, Anne sexton, Ezra Pound, T.S. Eliot, William Carols Williams, Robert Frost, Carl Sandburg, Robison Jeffers Hart Crane, John Berry man, Allen Ginsberg, Robert Lowell and many others.Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain) was the first major American writer in the beginning of twentieth century. His famous work The Memoir Life on the Mississippi and the novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are considered as a regional master piece. His style influenced many field like journalism. His style is undeviating and unembellished but sometimes highly suggestive and scornful humorous it changed the way of Americans language. Many of the writer’s characters speak like a real people and sound distinguishing American using local dialects, newly invented words and geographical accents.Henry James was born in New York City, but he spent most of adult years in England and many of his novel centers on Americans. His fictions are having highly professional sentences and dismemberment of emotional and psychological shade. Among his more important works are the novellas Daisy Miller, about a delight American girl in Europe, the turn of the wrench and mysterious ghost story. American novelist were enlarge fictions’ social spectrum to enclose both high and low life and occasionally association to the naturalist school of realism. American writers like Edward Bellamy, William Vaughn Moody, and Edwin Markham are proceeding directly talk about social and political issues

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