Unit 5 task 2 (theory)

Unit 5- task 2 learning outcome 3 3.1 discuss how theoretical perspectives on play inform practice? Lev vegosky- is the creator of the social learning theory which has 3 main ideas involved in it, he proposed that play creates a zone of potential development, in which they can function at their highest available capacity; he believes play frees the children from their daily life. The zone of actual development is where the child will learn on their own and try to work things out by themselves and may also play on their own, as well as that there is more knowledgeable other this is where a child will receive help from others which have a higher level of knowledge than the child mainly the teacher these 2 things combined together equal the zone of proximal development.When children are in this zone of proximal development, providing them with the appropriate assistance and tools gives students what they need to accomplish the new task or skill. We as practioners must ensure we provide a suitable level of scaffolding for each Childs ability. For example in a nursery the teacher may have an activity set out and might guide the children through it step by step then if the activity is repeated they may just tell the children basic information, and once they know what to do they will leave the children to do it themselves some children may need little snippets of help along the way and some may not be able to actually do it independently on their own its depends on the age of the child it is increasingly difficult when they are younger but it is good to practice it for when they get older. It informs practice because as practioners once we know this theory in our setting we must ensure we provide the children with equal opportunities to explore to learn on their own with individual activities for example they could paint or draw a picture which will help their imagination, jigsaws, building blocks, sand for trial and error. As well as that you can have role play which allows the child to play with the other children, train track allowing the children to help each other build together to achieve a goal. And group activities with rules and instructions to follow like in physical education for example basketball explain it to them show them what to do and then let them try themselves or in partners and then helping when nesseccary especially if they struggle with a language barrier.https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-the-zone-of-proximal-development-2796034Anna Freud- 3.2- discuss how philosophical approaches on play and learning inform practiceJanet moyles-is based on the fact that children should be allowed to play freely, then slowly move into structured. Free slow play is used to explore ideas and explore interests, when the child shows signs they are ready they will begin to move into it, they know this through observations. There are positives and negatives to this theory some positives are the child and adult will have more time together which will build the Childs social and emotions development, some teachers may get the correct balance of child to adult led and if they do it will be very helpful for their development. however if also has many negatives which could affect the effect of it for example because the children are having loads of child led and adult led repeating on a rotate over and over again it can be confusing for many children and the more adult let may lead the children to forgot how to play child lead successfully, the task can be very time consuming which means it could be difficult for a child to concentrate on the same activity for that long.An example of this would be is a child chooses to play with the play dough on their own, the adult would show them ways to make shapes using the cutters how to roll and chop it and then they would leave the area and let them play with the play dough in whatever what they would like to but you have showed them the basic of what they can do.Tina Bruce- is a approach that contains 12 key features which are often used to help practioners share the importance of their children’s play with parents and other practioners. Free flow play arises out of these features, if 7 of these 12 features are present then this is a rich play scenario, if only a few are present it means that what they are doing and may not be play, but it can still be worthwhile.The 12 features are-Children use real, first hand experiences in their playChildren have a sense of control and make up rules when they play, they feel powerful.Children find, use and make play props when they play they are creative and use things in flexible and new ways.Children chose to play never forcedWhen children play they rehearse for the future like when they pretend to be adultsChildren might pretend when they play that they are goodies chasing the baddies,they organise their thinkingChildren might chose to play alone needing personal space to reflect and try out new ideasThey might play with other children They may have their own personal play agenda, play in which ever order they want and put things where they want adults are welcome to join in as long as everyone respects each other’s agendasChildren involved in rich play become deeply involved and are difficult to distract, children wallow in playChildren show us their latest learning when they playPlay brings together the learning children do so that it become connected and integrate as a wholeBob hughesMildren parten

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