Attachment theory is mostly focused on children’s relationship and the bonds they have with people, mostly parents or careers. John Bowlby was and the first attachment theorist and he describes attachment as lasting psychology connectedness between human beings.Secure Attachment:• Empathy • Positive sense of emotion and well being • Positive self esteem • Positive behavior By having a secure attachment with your child, it will help their development, with building heathy friendships, be confident and help them have a health relationship with the staff and school and nursery.Importance of teachers:• Teaching Infants and toddlers have an amazing opportunity to build a healthy attachment with each child in their care• Understand unique of each child • Make sure you always respond • Encourage laughter while playing It’s important that teachers have a healthy relationship with children, this is because it will help them, observe them in what their development needs are, encourage them with speech and help them understand the child as an individual. By this happening it will make parent feel happy about leaving their child, because they have a healthy attachment at nursery. How to support parent’s child attachment• Help parents to understand and recognize and feel that they are the most important people to a baby.• Show how parents can connect with the baby through humor.• Encourage parents to read and understand signals the baby sends, making sure they respond appropriatelyAttachment play.• Interaction, strengths and connections• Often involves laughter• Doesn’t require special equipment • Can take place anywhere at any time• Includes many familiar activities. General guidelines.• Follow child’s lead • Do not teach or correct• If your child is laughing you’re on the right track • Avoid tickling • Don’t try attachment play if child is crying • Put phone away and have family time.It’s important to follow guidelines to help you have a healthy attachment with your child. Making sure that you child is having lots of fun, happy and is in a loving home. It’s important for children to have a healthy attachment because it can have a few impacts on them later on in life.Task Bi Section one It is important to have a positive attachments for children holistic development because this means when a child has a good relationship with parents from being a baby they will feel secure. This also, means that when they get older it will get easier for them to get attached to teachers and even friends.Practitioners have an important role in supporting positive attachment, this is because when parents have to leave their children at school or nursery it will give them relief when they are happy and see that they have a good attachment with their key worker or any members of staff.Children who don’t develop a heathy attachment can have problems later on in life, such as growing up and not being able to have friends, because they have never had that attachment to know how to make them. Also, this can have an effect when growing up because they not be able to open up to anyone, make them feel like they have no one and they are all alone.Consequences of children not having a positive relationship• Bad behavior• Low self-esteem• Not many friends• Shy• Unhappy a lot of the time• Unsociable• Not attached to any members off staff• Find it harder in day to day life • Get bullied later on in life• Always feel alone• No one to talk to• No friends Bii section two Different play theories• Psychoanalytic theory: Children’s Play is to help children put their negative thoughts and turn them into positive ones.• Arousal modulation theory: Children play to regulate the level of arousal in their central nervous system.• Metacommunicative theory: Children play to learn and to make believe and pretend on objects and learn to do actions. .Cognitive theories Jean Piaget and lev s Vygotsky. They believed that current mental abilities help solve problems because they van pretend that the world is in a different way and they also believed that play develops and encourages abstract thoughts.It’s Important for children to learn during play because while children are playing it helps their development. Such as, socially and emotionally and even physically. While they are playing it can help adults engage with them and see what they are doing. Mostly children play and learn but some children find it difficult and could need more help from adults.It’s important that practitioners support children to learn while they play. Play is a very important part of a child’s development, physical play, and happiness, cognitive and also helps with their social development. It’s also important that practitioner have a positive attitude towards the children while they are playing this is because when they are in your care they look up as you as a role model. Make sure that you don’t rush the child if they are playing let them do it in their own time, this is so they can learn and watch others. When children are playing its good for practitioners to observe them, to see what they can do and see what they are learning by doing this it helps practitioners see what they are below in and what they can do.Requirements of play within legislationThe human right act 1998 this is directly linked to the European convention and human rights. The key provision of the act is it is unlawful for public authority to act in a way which is incompatible with a convention right. This is a law in the Uk allowing violation of convention to be dealt with in the Uk.United Nations convention of rights of a child 1989The United Nations conventions of rights is one of the most known international human right acts. As an early year practitioner you need to understand and know the basic requirements of the national convention.
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