How Shakespeare presents his characters

Table of Contents

Considering how Shakespeare presents his characters in Romeo and Juliet, how would you depict the ideas of tragedy through characterization in your own adaptation of the play?

o think and present about how Shakespeare develops and represents Paris in the play, using key scenes, dialogues and dramatic features – include indirect characterization– the use of a character’s own dialogue, language and action to build a picture of the character in the mind of the reader- direct characterization— occurs where a character is described by the narratorial voice or by another character. We must be careful in identifying direct characterisation that we account for perspective

o how would I present tragedy in my own way, through characterization (traits, motives and the psychology of a character)?

o in an adaptation of the play; would I stay faithful to the original text etc. – respond with reference to the way that Shakespeare represents and develops his characters. Use key scenes, dialogue and dramatic features from the whole play Shakespeare – written stage directions aren’t detailed- Paris is the antagonist- uses dialogue as the most utilized way of showing a character’s personality, audience learns about the character through their dialogue – Shakespeare often uses floral symbolism throughout the play, using the associated symbolic terminology of plants and flowers – Romeo is considered a rose – symbolizes beauty and love- while the affable Paris is considered a ‘flower in faith – attractive, however ordinary characterized as the direct opposite of Romeo(direct characterization)o gentle Paris (Lord Capulet 1.2.16)o valiant Paris (Lord Capulet 1.3.70)

o my son Paris (Lord Capulet 3.4.16)a term used to describe someone close, like family although not (yet)o the gallant, young and noble gentleman (Lady Capulet 3.5.113)gallant: brave, chivalrous – saving someone (in this case, Juliet e.g. in the parents’ eyes, he is symbolically saving her and her family from a lower rank in society), a knight o a man of wax (Nurse 1.3.72)meaning perfect, or well-suited (in the Nurse’s eyes), like a perfectly sculpted wax figure- ‘wax’, when warm, melts, this can be symbolic of the superficial love that Paris has for Juliet- Paris represents the patriarchal ideal of love/marriage (indirect characterization)- becomes quite presumptuous in his manner after Capulet has promised Juliet will marry him- ‘dutifully’ visits Lord Capulet to pay his respects after Tybalt’s death- Paris is unbelievably persistent, eager to marry Juliet and even impatient; also treats Juliet as property over someone who he loves: contrasts with Romeoo refers to Capulet as his father: ‘My father Capulet will have it so’ (4.1.) and greets Juliet as ‘my lady and my wife!’ (4.1.)My adaptation- Could add: the oxford dictionary states that; tragedy is a play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, especially one concerning the downfall of the main character – Paris can be seen as a tragic character, he has an ill-fated ending, killed by his ‘fiancée’s’ preferred suitor, had his lover turn her back on him, hope in a false marriage. As Shakespeare contrasted him so much with Romeo, would I portray the character of Paris as a sympathetic, passionate person?or as the foolish man who was disinterested in love and just beauty and social ranks?