First Schools

Table of Contents

Contents TOC o “1-3” h z u Contents PAGEREF _Toc20405317 h 1Playgroup and Crèche. PAGEREF _Toc20405318 h 2Nursery. PAGEREF _Toc20405319 h 2Primary School. PAGEREF _Toc20405320 h 2Secondary School. PAGEREF _Toc20405321 h 2College. PAGEREF _Toc20405322 h 2University. PAGEREF _Toc20405323 h 3City Technology Colleges. PAGEREF _Toc20405325 h 3University Technical College. PAGEREF _Toc20405326 h 3Lower, Middle and Upper School. PAGEREF _Toc20405327 h 3Independent schools. PAGEREF _Toc20405328 h 3Private School. PAGEREF _Toc20405329 h 4Special Educational Needs. PAGEREF _Toc20405330 h 4Public School. PAGEREF _Toc20405331 h 4State School. PAGEREF _Toc20405332 h 4Maintained School. PAGEREF _Toc20405333 h 4Grammar School. PAGEREF _Toc20405335 h 4Voluntary Aided School. PAGEREF _Toc20405336 h 5Faith Academies. PAGEREF _Toc20405337 h 5Voluntary Controlled School. PAGEREF _Toc20405338 h 5Foundation and trust schools. PAGEREF _Toc20405339 h 5Community school. PAGEREF _Toc20405340 h 5Specialist School. PAGEREF _Toc20405341 h 5Academies. PAGEREF _Toc20405342 h 5Academy converters. PAGEREF _Toc20405343 h 6Traditional academies. PAGEREF _Toc20405344 h 6Free Schools. PAGEREF _Toc20405345 h 6Boarding School. PAGEREF _Toc20405346 h 7Montessori School. PAGEREF _Toc20405347 h 7Different Types of Schools and Their Characteristics.There are many different types of schools, colleges and universities in the education sector, which have different characteristics in relation to education and governance, this can, make it very difficult to distinguish between them. The school network organization helps set up free school, however, what separates these from maintained schools and academies. Below is a list of some of the different types, to help distinguish them.Playgroup and Crèche.These offer short daily sessions of care and learning through play for children aged 2 to 4 years old. In a crèche they are cared for while their parents do something else on the same premises. Fees are paid for by parents or in some cases charitable donations. Nursery.These provide care for children a few weeks old to primary school. They have to be registered and inspected by ofsted. These are sometimes attracted to s primary school. Independent schools do not have to follow the national curriculum and admission policies are decided by the head teacher and their board of governors.Primary School.These provide education for children from 5 to 11 years old and are divided into infants and junior sections. They have to follow the national curriculum and are funded by the local authorities.Secondary School.These provide education for children from 11 to 16 years old and some have a sixth form for further education. They have to follow the national curriculum and are funded by the local authority.College.College is an educational institution or a constitute part of one. It may be a degree – awarding tertiary educational institution, a part of a collegiate or federal university, an institution offering vocational education. It is an independent institution of higher learning offering a course of general studies leading to a bachelor’s degree.University.This is a school that offers courses leading to a degree (such as a bachelors, masters or doctoral degree) and where research is done. It is an institution of higher education which provides undergraduate and postgraduate education. Open University offers flexible part – time study, supported distance and open learning for undergraduate and postgraduate courses and qualifications.City Technology Colleges.Independent schools in urban areas that are free to go to and funded by the government and companies can also contribute. They emphasise teaching science and technology to their pupils. The College of the arts teaches technology in its application of creative and performing arts as it offers interactive digital design courses.University Technical College.These specialise in subjects such as engineering and construction and teach these alongside using IT and business skills. Pupils study academic subject and practical subjects leading to technical qualifications. The curriculum is designed by employers who also provide work experience and the college. They are sponsored by further education colleges, employers and universities.Lower, Middle and Upper School.These are for education for 3 & 4 year old at lower school, 5 & 6 year olds at middle school and 7 & 8 year olds at upper school. Fees are paid for by the parents or bursary funding.Independent schools.These charge fees to attend, not funded by the government and can make a profit. They are operated and governed by itself and are lightly regulated by the government and a range of bodies inspect them. They vary from those founded by new charities or companies and those set up in the middle ages. They are funded by gifts, endowments, fees and are governed by an independent elected board of governors.They do not have to follow the national curriculum and must give pupils experience in human and social, physical and aesthetic, technological, mathematical, linguistic, scientific and creative education. They do not have to perform national assessments although most do. The can set their own term lengths and days. They do not have requirements for achievements and have no external targets. Their facilities and access must be suitable for people with special educational needs and disabilities. There are no age restrictions for pupils and there is no cap on the number of pupils. They are free to manage and evaluate the staff’s performance as required, set their own pay and conditions and the teacher selection as no QTS required. They do not have to publicly report anything, however, ofsted reports are available to the public.Private School.Also known as independent schools, charge fees to attend instead of being funded by the government. They must be registered with the government and inspected regularly and their report is then put online for the public to view usually by ofsted.Special Educational Needs.These are also private schools which specialize in teaching children with special needs. They can become a trust school and will remain local authority maintained.Public School.These are open to the public who have enough money to pay the fees. They are independent of the state system as regards to endowment and administration. They are seen as preparing students for university and there are boy and girl public schools.State School.These are funded for by the local authorities from tax either part or full, they have to follow the national curriculum. They are also known as mainstream schools and include community schools, which offer the use of their facilities and provide services such as childcare and adult learning programs.The local education authority employs the school staff, is responsible for the schools admissions and owns the school estate. The schools governing body is responsible for the day to day running and the criteria for admissions could include if you live in the area, if the child has siblings there or if the child has a disability which makes travelling to a remote school difficult.Maintained School.These are funded by local education authority and run by the governing body. They must follow the national curriculum and teachers pay and conditions. There are four main types which differ by who employ the staff, who owns the land and buildings and controls admission arrangements.They can do specific subjects as long as national curriculum requirements are met and pupils must be assessed at all stages. Pupils are monitored by ofsted and they must meet national floor targets and they must follow code of practice la oversees which also decides on the school age of pupils. Pupils are not selected by ability except for grammar schools, but they can priorities 10% based on aptitude. Grammar School.These are secondary schools emphasizing in Latin or Greek in preparation for college. They are state funded, a foundation body or a trust and base the academic ability to enable them to select their pupils. They can also be called maintained schools. Pupils are selected on academic ability and usually have to tack a test to gain a place.Voluntary Aided School.These are faith schools and a trust or foundation gives a small proportion of the costs and forms a majority of the governing body, which sets admissions criteria and employs the staff. The land and buildings are retained by local authority but owned by the foundation, except the playing fields. They are run by the governing body, but they do have to follow the national curriculum and they choose what they teach in religious studies. They are also known as religious schools although any religion is welcome. They have strict admission criteria and staffing policies may differ too, anyone can apply to enroll in the school.Faith Academies.These do not have to follow the national curriculum but they can choose what they teach in religious studies. They have their own admission processes and staffing policies although anyone can apply for a place.Voluntary Controlled School.They are like voluntary aided schools but are run by the local authority that employ the staff and are the school admin. The trust or foundation form a quarter of the governing body and own the land and buildings but the playing fields are retained by the local authority. They have to follow the national curriculum. They must go through a lengthy consultation process to change school days.Foundation and trust schools.These are run by their own governing body that sets its own admission criteria and employ their own staff. The body owns the land and building or in trust schools the charity own them.Community school.These are run and controlled by the local authority that owns the land, buildings, and employs the staff and determines the admissions arrangements. They must go through a lengthy consultation process to change school days.Specialist School.These are a UK government initiative which encouraged secondary schools to specialize in certain areas of the curriculum to boost achievements. They follow the national curriculum, not all are maintained by the local authority and can be funded by parents or charitable trust funds. Academies. There are a variety of different academies, however, they all have the same law status. They are public funded by the department of education and independent of the local authority and are accountable by a funding agreement that is legally binding. They can set their own terms and hours and have their own national curriculum design, they also control staff pay and conditions. Traditional academies, free schools and converters all have this status with a number of differences such as, who sets them up, why they are set up, if there is a predecessor school and what the provider has to demonstrate to be given permission to set one up.They do not have to follow national curriculum but must teach science, maths and English and be broad and balanced in their curriculum. They must assess all pupils’ at all key stages according to their funding agreement. They can change their days and term lengths and they must have a clear sen policy. Ofsted monitor pupil outcomes and they have to reach national floor targets. The pupils age between 5 to 19 years and there is no selection aptitude, but they can select 10% of pupils on their aptitude. Qts is required for teachers and they are free to set their own pay and conditions. They have to follow the same rules as other state schools for admission, special education needs and exclusion.Academy converters.These are high already in existence and are high performing which opt out of local authority control and gain autonomy and independence. They are existing state schools and a funding agreement with the government is signed by the school governing body and is independent from the local authority. They have to apply to the department of education for approval to convert.Traditional academies.They are existing underperforming schools and are allocated to academy sponsors who take over. The sponsors could be FE colleges, education charities, universities and business sponsors. They are independent, free from local authorities and held accountable through funding agreement which is a contract with the government. The department of education brokers between the providers and underperforming schools.Free Schools.Are new state schools, which include independent schools for the first time becoming a state school. They are held accountable by a funded agreement by the government but are not run by local council and are independent. They have more control over how they do things. They set their own pay for staff and change the length of school terms and the school days. Charities, universities, faith groups community groups, independent schools, teachers, parents and businesses can set these up and must be nonprofit. Whoever set the school up must form a limited company guarantee and choose members and directors to run it. Once constituted, they will be an academy trust, so they must use the Dfe model memorandum and articles of association. A department of education application has to be submitted and they must demonstrate a clear demand for this type of school from parents in the area.They do not have to follow the national curriculum but must teach English, science and math and must be balanced and broad in their curriculum. They have to ass’s pupils in accordance with their funding agreement which includes key stage 2 and 4. They have a special needs policy by the code of practice for SEN and vulnerable children. They cannot use the academic selection process as they are an all ability school.Ofsted inspect and monitor pupil’s outcomes and reach national floor targets. Pupils range from 5 to 19 years with not aptitude selection. 50% of pupils must be prioritized by faith and up to 10% of pupils are prioritized on aptitude. Teachers must have a training and development plan and they are inspected by ofsted and must fill conditions.Boarding School.These provide education for pupils who live on the premises. State boarding schools give free education but charge fees for boarding. Most are academies, some are free schools and some are run by local councils.Montessori School.Founded by Dr Maris Montessori, these are a child – centered educational approach based on scientific observation of children. They develop a child using order and structure, sensory learning, freedom, sensitive periods and discipline. Fees are required by the parents and there is a more curriculum based structure as there is a set of tasks that children need to complete by the end of the week, but they choose when to do them. Below is a list of the schools in Skipton and their type.School TypeRegent Day Nursery PrivateFirst Steps Nursery PrivateCraven College Nursery PrivateBusy Bears Nursery PrivateOtley Street Nursery Community Brougham Street Nursery CommunityBrougham Street Primary CommunityChrist Church C of E Primary Voluntary ControlledGreatwood Primary CommunitySt Stephen`s Catholic Primary Voluntary AcademyParish Church C of E Primary Voluntary ControlledWater Street Primary CommunityErmystead`s Grammar School Voluntary AidedGirls High School AcademyThe Skipton Academy Voluntary AcademyBrooklands Special Needs CommunityCraven Pupil Referral Service Pupil Referral UnitCraven College Further Education