1 Mental health awareness By ….2 .. Why are you here?3 ObjectivesUnderstand what mental illness is. What symptoms may lead to a mental illness?How is mental illness being viewed within the community?How to seek help?Why Mental Health MattersStigma and Myths About Mental IllnessA Review of Common Mental Illnesses4 Introduction 1.5 How do you really think about Mental Health?6 List one word you think of when I say: ‘Mental Health’ 5 In Mind7 The definition of Mental HealthAccording to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health is:“ a state of well – being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community ”8 Mental Issues everywhereEvery age, race and ethnicityEvery occupation – from attorneys to waitresses, doctors to nurses, teachers to legislatorsFamous people, Not so famous people, Coworkers, NeighborsMental illness is not imaginary, something to “get over ” or a character flaw9 Example Mental IssuesDepressionEating disordersDeliberate Self HarmADHDAnxietyBipolar Affective DisorderPsychosisPersonality Disorder10 Reality of Chronic Illnesses11 Worldwide FactsAbout half of mental disorders begin before the age of 14Around 1 in 5 of the world’s children and adolescents have a mental disorderDepression is one of the leading causes of disability, affecting 264 million people.Almost 800 000 people die by suicide every year; 1 person dies from suicide every 40 seconds12 Cause Mental IllnessChemical imbalance GeneticsEnvironmental stressorsTraumaBrain injury13 Effect Mental Ilness • Fears • Expenses/ insurance • Lifestyle changes • Emotional toll • Can be overwhelming • Blame • Shame • Avoiding treatment • School system • Legal system14 Have you or a loved one ever struggled with a mental illness?15 Let’s Fill in the Survey 5 Survey16 Stigma 2.17 Mental Health in Saudi ArabiaTabooBehavioral codesIslamic backgroundLimited awarenessStigmatizationChanging landscape: e -health, recognition and dialogue18 Issues and TabooStigmatizing – A negative perception that causes someone to devalue or think less of the whole person.Stereotyping or labeling a person because of their condition.Discrimination – treating people like they are different19 Mental StigmasCommon Images:Scary/violentHomelessDisheveledWeirdVery sadIn an institution20 Mental Illness BasicsMental illness is commonMental illness is a treatable health conditionStigma keeps people from getting treatmentTalking openly helps to reduce stigmaReducing stigma can save lives21 Awareness 3.22 Mohamed Zeina Elaf23 The 5 Why’s 10 5 Why’s24 "Why did the robot stop?“ The circuit has overloaded, causing a fuse to blow. “Why is the circuit overloaded?”There was insufficient lubrication on the bearings, so they locked up. “Why was there insufficient lubrication on the bearings?”The oil pump on the robot is not circulating sufficient oil. “Why is the pump not circulating sufficient oil?The pump intake is clogged with metal shavings. “Why is the intake clogged with metal shavings?”Because there is no filter on the pump. The 5 Why’s25 • Mohamed feels he is betraying his family by telling others he is suffering from a depression.• Zeina has trouble looking herself in the mirror, she tries to avoid eating, but tells everybody she loves herself.• Elaf has trouble concentrating and gets angry quickly, but picks on students who can concentrate.26 Share! 3 5 Why’s27 Approach 3.28 How to talk about mental health?29 What to DoTalk openly about mental illnessesRespect people in your environmentPledge to be stigma freeUnderstand local resources30 How to talk to someone about Mental Illness?Key rules:• Listen • Don’t judge, laugh, dismiss the conversation • Keep your friend talking, don’t rush. It was very hard for your friend to have this conversation with you. • Offer to take them to a doctor or mental health professional31 What not to say?“It could be worse.”“Just deal with it.”“Snap out of it.”“Everyone feels that way sometimes.”“ We’ve all been there.”“You’ve got to pull yourself together.”“Maybe try thinking happier thoughts.”32 What to say?“Thanks for opening up to me.”“Is there anything I can do to help?”“I’m sorry to hear that. It must be tough.”“I’m here for you when you need me.”“I can’t imagine what you’re going though.”““How are you feeling today?”33 Where to Go?34 Local Resources35 Be Prepared36 • Mohamed feels he is betraying his family by telling others he is suffering from a depression.• Zeina has trouble looking herself in the mirror, she tries to avoid eating, but tells everybody she loves herself.• Elaf has trouble concentrating and gets angry quickly, but picks on students who can concentrate.37 Let’s draw a mindmap that lists what Mohamed, Zeina and Elaf could do on these topics: Support, dialogue and professional help 6 What to do?38 Reflection 4.39 ReflectionDo you feel you have learned a lot?Was it different as you expected it would be?Are the main concepts clear to you?Were there things that went by too quickly? Did the session provide new insights?Do you still have many questions? What the most valuable lesson has been up until now?40 Thank You!