Teaching and Learning are two unfamiliar words with different meanings but both are exclusive to each individual. Merriam – Webster dictionary described learning as knowledge or skill acquired by instructions or study. Education, on the other hand, is the cognitive process through which knowledge, value, and skill are imparted from one to another. Learning is evolutionary and imperative for survival. Personal learning theoryMy learning philosophy is based on John Dewey’s quote which states that, “Give the pupils something to do, not something to learn; and the doing is of such a nature as to demand thinking; learning naturally results”. Learning is an ongoing process for everyone as we learn new thing: skills and values, every day. Though formal education is the most accepted requisite for learning, there are various ways to acquire knowledge. Learning, say the authors (Susan A. Ambrose, Michael W. Bridges, Marsha C. Lovett, Michele DiPietro, & Marie K. Norman San Francisco, CA: Jossey – Bass (2010)), is defined as “a process that leads to change, which occurs as a result of experience and increases the potential for improved performance and future learning” (p. 3). Learning styles are aided by images, music, reading or writing, and use of hands and sense of touch. Dr. Neil Fleming developed the VARK model of learning styles in 1987. This model is the most widely known although there are many models. With various ways of learning styles, it is essential to recognize personal learning style. Recognizing and understanding a personal style and technique promotes effective learning. Perception of your personal learning style will aid quick and quality learning style. My personal learning style refers to the favored method in which I absorb, process, comprehend and retain information. My learning style is dependent on many factors such as the environment, my mood, and cognition. I use visual and logical style to help my learning. The use of diagrams, drawings, pictures, and maps helps me organize my study. I retain information by rewriting my notes, watching you-tube videos and studying my pictures over and over again. Doodling, drawing pictures and flowchart is one of study tool. Statistics is one of my best course because I work well with numbers and recognize patterns and their connections easily. Professional teaching philosophyA teaching philosophy is a purposeful reflective statement of an educator’s fundamental beliefs and practices about teaching and learning. The reason for a clear teaching philosophy is to foster professional and personal growth. It doesn’t necessarily have to explain your teaching technique but what defines you as an educator. I believe in maintaining a positive and comfortable atmosphere. I believe in the uniqueness of everybody and that, we all learn in our own way and pace. In as much as I believe every individual has the right to learn their way. I am aware of how my teaching style can either prevent or foster learning. I tend to teach my patients with my learning style taking to recognition the readiness to learn and assimilate information. I create a teacher – the student-friendly environment where my patients are comfortable to ask questions. My teaching technique is based on my educational philosophy. I utilize various techniques to present information to my patient which includes diagram, pamphlet and demonstrations. My priority as a healthcare professional is to adapt my learning styles to my teaching styles so that my patients acquire and understand health information needed about their health. They need to understand how to apply health information appropriately. Cognitivism learning theory in nursingLearning theories are guides for educational structure for teaching in every setting. Nurses by knowing these theories can utilize their knowledge effectively as indicated by various learning circumstances Behaviorism, Cognitivism, and constructivism are the main principle classifications of learning theory. Behaviorism is a theory of learning that focuses on the belief that behaviors are learned through conditioning. Unlike Behaviorism, Cognitivism learning theory does not center on observable behaviors but center more on the thought process. Constructivist on the other hand, believe that People actively construct or create their own subjective representations of objective reality. New information is linked to prior knowledge, thus mental representations are subjective (Constructivism, n.d.). As a nurse and student, I believe learning is significant in health care and it enables an individual to adjust to change in one’s life. Embracing and applying the cognitive learning theory to instruct my patients has resolved questions and cultivated a persuasive attitude towards my patient’s wellbeing. I support cognitivism owing to its key principle that learning is the development of insights that provide a guide for behavior and its vital approach to viewing learning and education. Cognitive learning theory focuses on internal factors rather than external, such as their developmental stage of reasoning; perceptions; thoughts; ways of processing and storing information in memory; and the influence of social factors on social factors on attitudes, thoughts and actions (Braungart, et al n.d.). Cognitivism endeavors to explain that human behavior solely can’t explain human experience. From a personal perspective, cognitive learning theory helps understand how and why people do what they do which helps to know what approach to present information.Values and beliefsMy belief system play heavily impacts my teaching as a nurse because I teach because I teach based on how I learn. I impact knowledge based on my personal and professional knowledge. The most important issue as a nurse is that my patients demonstrate an understanding of the skills necessary to improve their health after recovery. I’m intentional about strategies I use to maximize learning such as involving my patient, providing a relaxed environment and by accessing the patient’s readiness to learn. Caring for patient should involve partnership and negotiation with the party’s involved: patient and family. I coordinate teaching content to my patient’s stage of readiness by assessing her knowledge and asking for his or her opinion about her wellbeing. Other factors that can affect teaching and learning is pain, fear and anxiety; addressing these problems influences a patient’s willingness to learn. Conclusion As the interface between the doctors and patient /family, it is a nurse’s responsibility to educate patient about their medical condition and behaviors that can promote or hinder healing. My role as a nurse spans from medication administration or dressing wound to teaching and counseling patients.
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