In the years back people who lived in remote and rural areas had no means of transportation except for animals which they were relying on when they were travelling. Having a look at Australia’s vast land mass and less population density, it becomes obvious how difficult and sluggish it was to transport a sick or seriously injured person to a medical facility located hundreds of kilometers away with unpredicted road and weather conditions. There was a need to overcome this problem and explore ways to help people with health problems and injuries. In the late 1800s groups of public-spirited people who were interested in providing first aid for their people and neighbourhood established the foundation of today’s ambulance services in Australia. These services were of primary first aid and the providers had limited understanding and training. St John Ambulance was one of the first-aid providers at that time and it had a substantial influence on the formation of these groups (Curtis, K. & Ramsden, C. 2016). As there were more people with first-aid qualifications who were looking to apply and maintain their skills in providing first aid resulted in the creation of St John Ambulance Brigades (Curtis, K. & Ramsden, C. 2016). The main job of the ambulance services in the early days was the transportation of the sick and injured to the nearest medical facility where it was medical doctor’s responsibility to provide medical care and were often assisted by nurses. Government administrations, hospitals and community-based groups were arranging transportation services alongside St John Ambulance (Curtis, K. & Ramsden, C. 2016). Many of the ambulance services in Australia started to operate in the late 19th century as the population increased and cities expanded. Each territory and state founded ambulance services of its own which over the years changed into nowadays advanced ambulance services that run in the Australian States and Territories (Moritz, 2018).
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