philosophy gp ass

10820406096000FACULTY OF FILM, THEATRE AND ANIMATION (FITA)UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA (UITM)COURSE CODE / NAME:FTA422Q (Philosophy of Art)LECTURER:En. Mohd Sazni Bin Ahmad SalehudinTITLE OF ASSIGNMENT:Connection is there between ethics and aestheticsNAME OF MEMBERS:Name Student IDMuhammad Aizam B Azmi2018200422Muhammad Syafiq B Abd Wahab2018286284Nur Ain Natasha Bt Rapingi2018285222Nur Syazwani Binti Abdul Latif 2018261714PROGRAM / GROUP:FF239DATE OF SUBMISSION:18 April 2019This writing will start with the definition of ethics and aesthetics in art. In the art of ethics and aesthetics have a very powerful link, especially from the artistic view of Islam. Ethics and morals have the same meaning of referring to good and bad in the production of a work of art. According to the Encyclopedia of Americana ethical terms are taken from the English ethic derived from the common sense in the Greek ‘ethos’ which means customs and moral ethics. Arabic Lexicon also lists ethical definitions as a discipline related to morals or science. Can be construed that ethics is a measure of a work of art produced, whether the work is produced by having good or bad value to society. For example the Taj Mahal in India which was built by the Emperor Shah Jahan it has a very high value for beauty. But then there was a brutal event where the Emperor Shah Jahan had dropped the eyes of all involved in the construction of the Taj Mahal. So the ethical value in the construction of the Palace is a bad element that is contrary to the nature of human life. Aesthetics is the value of beauty. The value of aesthetics is strongly used in art. Aesthetic value in art is not only in the artwork but also in architecture, writing, music, language and so forth. The essence is derived from Ancient Greek that is aesthesis which means perception. The aesthetic term was changed in 1735 by Elexander Baumgarten which means evaluating and feeling and deepening something deeply. According to Al-Gazali, the value of the esthetic existed when the beauty of a thing lies in perfection plus the presence of spirit or soul in an art. Besides that of Nor Azman Ab. Aziz who said that the essence is a philosophy of affiliation with the nature of art, taste, creation and perception of beauty. Can be dismantled as the real estimate is the field of knowledge that shows the beauty, that is how the art is produced and how one can feel or appreciate it. It can be concluded that the esthetic focuses on beauty exposure like a painting. But from the point of view of ethics as well as accepting the perceptions brought by the esthetics it attempts to give moral values whether the work of art plays a good or bad element for individuals and society.The relationship between aesthetics and ethics is part of a philosophy that questions the form or way of forming the mind. Aesthetics and ethics may have a relationship because of good or bad value. From the perspective of Plato, aesthetics involve perception of beauty in nature while ethics involves the perception of moral beauty. Aesthetics are about how beautiful it can be created and how people feel and appreciate it. Then the aesthetic philosophy will always be related to good and bad, between beautiful and ugly. Not talking about wrong and correct as in epistemology philosophy. Etymologically, the aesthetic is taken from the Greek, aisthetike which means everything that can be seen by the senses. Aesthetics philosophy relates to critical reflexes that are felt by senses and give an assessment of something, beautiful or not beautiful. Ethic is a branch of philosophy, which is the study of what is right and wrong. Ethics is more like the action or behaviour of person do in art. Further developments make it aware that beauty does not always have a specific formula. It evolves according to people’s acceptance of the ideas created by the creator of the work. Therefore, two things that are always known in beauty assessments, namely beauty, work recognized by many to meet the beauty and ugly standards, work that does not meet the beauty standards and by many people is usually considered bad, but in the case of beauty shows.The relationship between ethics and aesthetics in everyday life is how we can exercise both in thought and action every day. It speaks of the right and wrong views that can be calculated, proven, and affected directly and quickly. Ethics is about the good and bad views that everyone and the environment can see differently (abstract). Meanwhile, aesthetics is about beautiful and ugly views that can be seen from various parties according to their tastes. Therefore, in everyday life is to unite two views in every action.So the conclusion is to take action through these two views. The first consideration is logically, whether what we do is scientifically or normatively correct or false. In this case, if what we do logically does not necessarily go wrong. Secondly, ethics will see if what we do in the system will have a good and bad effect on the environment. And the third thing we do will be seen through physical appearance through aesthetic outlook. This shows that it is better for us to appreciate meaningful though it is not absolute, not for everything. Physical and aesthetic imaginations are also called beauty studies or taste theories, criticisms in creative art and performances.This is one young man’s artwork from Sydney, Rev Mayers. We often hear that a painter uses media such as pencils, water colour, ink, and all. But, different to Rev Mayers, he use his own blood to produce the artworks. To become a world-famous “Blood Painter”, Rev Mayers was able to take his life to produce the interesting artwork by using his own blood. What is interesting is he has used the blood that has been connected from his veins to the air of the brush machine. This action allows him to spray his blood directly onto the canvas. Rev Mayers was also helped by a nurse who helped her take her blood and her blood would be the material to produce a unique artworks. Rav Mayers has also spilled gallons of his blood to present “Blood Art” since 11 years ago. To produce a good quality of blood, Rev Mayers has been practicing a diet by eating healthy foods such as sticks, red meat and drink water with large quantities. When practicing this diet allows the body to produce a dark blood this is can make a nice colour and high quality of blood. The technique of using blood to produce some artworks is a horrifying technique but it is interesting. Aesthetic features of artworks are the only necessary and sufficient conditions for their aesthetic value. For Rev Mayers, he assumed that his artwork had its own aesthetic value. For him, when he uses his own blood to makes artworks it seems to give “life” to his artworks. But, here we find that ‘radical aesthetic moralism’, according to the aesthetic value of a work of art is clearly determined by its moral value. Therefore, ethics or moral is a necessary and sufficient condition for aesthetic value. According Matthew Kieran “The important demands are whether the moral qualities that lead to my understanding. The immoral or moral aspect of the work, which they foster understanding, can contribute to the artistic value of the work rather than diminish it” (2006). It is interesting to note that artworks can be evaluated as immoral in at least three different ways. Firstly, they can be immoral in the way an artwork is produced. Second, they may have immoral consequences for the audience. Thirdly, they can become immoral from their point of view. The immoral value of a work of art may only depend on one of these immoral features but not necessarily. Here, we argue that Rev Mayers’s work is quite immoral because of her blood-based conversations to work. We see that his actions will have a lot of negative impact on himself and his life. He will have a health problem when he takes his blood in big quantities. Rev Mayers’s action will also cause his life to be plagued by the extensive use of blood during his work. So one of the traditional problems that has raised issues of aesthetics and ethics as back to Plato’s time in the Republic. Plato wants to know whether we need to include art, especially poetry, which at the time was something more like a theatre, in an ideal society. One of the concerns about art, especially the narrative, is that they often show God to do terrible things. In other words, they show the creatures that usually have good morals as an immoral act. (For example, where Saturnalia is eating their children, it may be a good thing.) Saturnalia is the most popular holiday on the ancient Roman calendar which is derived from an older farming-related to the rituals of midwinter and the winter solstice, especially the practice of offering gifts or sacrifices to the gods during the winter sowing season. Instead, it will be seen as something very immoral and it is a good thing for some. The concern is to convey the various types of drama that one may not feel the desired moral sense of a person, by presenting immoral acts as the creature by which we should emulate it. Now, people may think this is an esoteric concern that only really happened in Ancient Greece because of their artistic features. But this does not happen. Parents are always worried about celebrities who are a bad role model, or violent video games that cause children to be more violent or to be involved with the video game.Hence, this may be the most relevant question in the aesthetics / ethics related to our question of how the art or aesthetics can affect our moral character. Can we become more morally? Or less moral? We can link bad ethics to art such as painting where using blood which is the blood coming from the body of the painter, based on the painter it states that it is considered as an art and it has its own unique value of beauty when it is a very bad ethic and for a handful of people would consider it an immoral one and so it would bring down and worsen art. This issue which has led to the poor view of the public on the relationship between ethics and aesthetics.REFFERENCEGhazali, HM (nd). Bab 2- Falsafah Estetika. Diperoleh pada 16 April 2019, dari https://www.scribd.com/doc/16426339/Bab-2-Falsafah-Estetika R. G. (n.d.). Flash Points: The Ethics of Art. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from http://magazine.art21.org/2010/02/05/flash-points-the-ethics-of-art/#.XLTBOygzZPY M. (n.d.). Aesthetics: Definition & Meaning. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/definitions/aesthetics.htm Levinson, J. (n.d.). Introduction: Aesthetics and ethics. Aesthetics and Ethics,1-25. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511663888.001Ian Heckman ( 2016, June 5) What connection is there between ethics and aesthetics?. Retrieved from https://www.quora.com/What-connection-is-there-between-ethics-and-aestheticsElmer H. Duncan, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism (Summer, 1967) Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/428391?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contentsJimmy Roland (2015, September 17) Etika dan Estetika. Retrieved from https://jimmyronald.wordpress.com/2015/09/17/etika-estetika-rasional-intuisi/

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